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We propose a novel linear filtering scheme based on ultrafast all-optical differentiation for re-shaping of ultrashort pulses generated from a mode-locked laser into flat-top pulses. The technique is demonstrated using simple all-fiber optical filters, more specifically uniform long period fiber gratings (LPGs) operated in transmission. The large bandwidth(More)
It is demonstrated that a single, uniform long-period fiber grating (LPFG) working in the linear regime inherently behaves as an ultrafast optical temporal differentiator. Specifically, we show that the output temporal waveform in the core mode of a LPFG providing full energy coupling into the cladding mode is proportional to the first derivative of the(More)
We propose and experimentally demonstrate an all-optical (all-fiber) temporal differentiator based on a simple pi-phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating operated in reflection. The proposed device can calculate the first time derivative of the complex field of an arbitrary narrowband optical waveform with a very high accuracy and efficiency. Specifically, the(More)
We report the experimental realization of an ultrafast all-optical temporal differentiator. Differentiation is obtained via all-fiber filtering based on a simple diffraction grating-assisted mode coupler (uniform long-period fiber grating) that performs full energy conversion at the optical carrier frequency. Due to its high bandwidth, this device allows(More)
The use of a complex short-period (Bragg) grating which combines matched periodic modulations of refractive index and loss/gain allows asymmetrical mode coupling within a contra-directional waveguide coupler. Such a complex Bragg grating exhibits a different behavior (e.g. in terms of the reflection and transmission spectra) when probed from opposite ends.(More)
A recently proposed concept suggests that a matched periodic modulation of both the refractive index and the gain/loss of the media breaks the coupling symmetry of the two co-propagating modes and allows only a unidirectional coupling from the i-th mode to j-the mode but not the opposite. This concept has been used to design a ring resonator coupled through(More)
Losses of cladding modes are part of the mechanism of operation of a long-period grating (LPG) when it is used as an optical filter. We present a LPG computer simulation that accounts for these losses. On the basis of this simulation, we show that losses result in qualitatively different LPG spectral behavior. There is an optimal loss value that provides(More)
The filtering scheme proposed here is based on transmission through a dual long-period-fiber-grating (LPFG) configuration and enables implementation of arbitrary spectral transfer functions using available inverse-scattering design algorithms, such as those widely used for fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) operating in reflection. Besides the important technical(More)
A new approach towards the design of optimized distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) structures is proposed by taking advantage of recent developments related to the concept of parity-time (PT) in optics. This approach is based on using unidirectional gratings that provide coupling between co-propagating modes. Such couplers with PT symmetric gratings can(More)
We explore a new class of Distributed Feedback (DFB) and Distributed Bragg Reflector (DBR) structures that employ the recently-developed concept of Parity-Time (PT) symmetry in optics. The approach is based on using so-called unidirectional Bragg gratings that are non diffractive (transparent) when illuminated from one side and diffracting (Bragg(More)