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BACKGROUND Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography has been reported to be valuable for evaluating the geometry of cardiac chambers. We validated the accuracy of 3D transthoracic echocardiography for quantifying aortic root geometry in comparison with cardiac multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). METHODS Twenty-three patients who underwent cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Recent studies indicate that in response to vasoconstrictor stimuli, the small GTPase RhoA and its down-stream effector, Rho-associated kinase 2 (ROCK)/Rho-kinase, are associated with hypercontraction of the vascular smooth muscle of coronary arteries through augmentation of myosin light chain phosphorylation and Ca(2+)(More)
BACKGROUND In a previous study, we demonstrated that the thickness of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), measured by echocardiography, was increased in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Several studies on obese patients, however, failed to demonstrate any relationship between EAT and CAD. We hypothesized that body mass(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Microvascular function is a useful predictor of left ventricular functional changes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We evaluated the usefulness of the hyperemic microvascular resistance index (hMVRI) for predicting long-term major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with STEMI(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication could cause significant cardiac injury. Although cardiac dysfunction after CO intoxication can be presented, the echocardiographic findings after CO intoxication are poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical patterns of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction using echocardiography. A total(More)
A descriptive exploratory design was used in this study to evaluate the effects of early parent touch on the heart rates and arterial oxygen (O2) saturation levels of 36 preterm infants. The infants were between 27-33 weeks gestational age at birth, and were free of congenital defects. Infants were videotaped during parent visits on up to three separate(More)
The use of drug-eluting stents (DESs) that elute antiproliferative drugs locally during coronary artery interventions has increased in recent years because of their ability to inhibit neointimal proliferation. However, DESs may also affect the normal healing process of the vessel wall after vascular injury and may be associated with coronary artery aneurysm(More)
The amount of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has been demonstrated to correlate with the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the CAD activity. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of EAT on long term clinical outcomes in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We analyzed(More)
however, did not support this work. All other authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose. Jiawen Li and Xiang Li have equal contributions to this work and are treated as cofirst authors. 1. Fleg JL, Stone GW, Fayad ZA, et al. Detection of high-risk atheroscle-rotic plaque: report of the NHLBI(More)
evidence of embolic events. Because of uncontrolled infection and the possibility of pus spreading out into the cardiac structures, we decided to proceed with operation. After resection of the mass with AML, mitral valve was replaced by mechanical prosthetic valve. There was a septated space in the mass. The space was open to the left ventricular side.(More)