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Gomisin N is a physiological substance derived from Schisandra chinensis. In the present study, the in vitro and in vivo effects of gomisin N on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and hepatic steatosis were investigated. We quantified the expression of markers of ER stress, including glucose regulated protein 78 (GRP78), CCAAT/enhancer binding protein(More)
Chronic hyperglycemia is toxic to pancreatic beta-cells, impairing cellular functioning as observed in type 2 diabetes; however, the mechanism underlying beta-cell dysfunction and the resulting apoptosis via glucose toxicity are not fully characterized. Here, using MIN6N8 cells, a mouse pancreatic beta-cell line, we show that chronic exposure to high(More)
Neuronatin (Nnat) was initially identified as a selectively-expressed gene in neonatal brains, but its expression has been also identified in pancreatic beta-cells. Therefore, to investigate the possible functions that Nnat may serve in pancreatic beta-cells, two Nnat isotypes (alpha and beta) were expressed using adenoviruses in murine MIN6N8 pancreatic(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), a member of the nuclear receptor of ligand-activated transcription factors, regulates the expression of key genes involved in lipid and glucose metabolism or adipocyte differentiation. Ligands for this receptor have emerged as potent insulin sensitizers used in the treatment of Type2 diabetes.(More)
IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha are major proinflammatory cytokines implicated in islet beta-cell destruction, which results in type-1 diabetes; however, the underlying mechanism is not clear. Using pancreatic beta-cell line MIN6N8 cells, co-treatment with TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma, but neither cytokine alone, synergistically induced apoptosis, correlated with the(More)
We previously demonstrated that chronic high glucose (33.3 mM) induced beta-cell dysfunction and apoptosis through glucokinase (GCK) downregulation, but the exact mechanisms involved remain unclear. Here, we show that prolonged exposure of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide (AICA)-riboside potentiated apoptosis induced by high glucose in MIN6N8 pancreatic(More)
OBJECTIVE Genistein has been suggested to prevent insulin resistance and its related diseases. We investigated the effects of dietary genistein at different levels on hepatic lipid levels and mitochondrial functions in mice fed high-fat diets. METHODS C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into four groups and fed a high-fat diet containing genistein at(More)
To investigate the effects of three different conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) preparations containing different ratios of CLA isomers on insulin signalling, fatty acid oxidation and mitochondrial function, Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a high-fat diet either unsupplemented or supplemented with one of three CLA preparations at 1 % of the diet for 8 weeks. The(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the effects of specific conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers on glucose metabolism and insulin resistance and on mRNA levels of genes important in glucose and lipid metabolism. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were fed for 8 wk on a high-fat diet (45% kcal from fat) or one of three CLA-supplemented diets (1% CLA) containing(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) is the rate-limiting enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of polyamines essential for cell growth and differentiation. Aberrant upregulation of ODC, however, is widely believed to be a contributing factor in tumorigenesis. Antizyme is a major regulator of ODC, inhibiting ODC activity through the formation of complexes and(More)