Mutsumi Okazaki

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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease in the elderly due to an imbalance in cartilage degradation and synthesis. Heterotopic ossification (HO) occurs when ectopic masses of endochondral bone form within the soft tissues around the joints and is triggered by inflammation of the soft tissues. Procyanidin B3 (B3) is a procyanidin dimer that is widely studied(More)
Keloids are skin abnormalities that are characterized by excessive deposition of collagen bundles in the dermis. Patients with keloids complain not only about their cosmetic appearance, but also about continuous itching and/or tenderness associated with chronic inflammation. Degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) may be upregulated, associated with the(More)
Oral mucosa heals faster with less scar formation than skin and a hypertrophic scar is very rare in the oral cavity, but its mechanism has not been elucidated enough. To elucidate whether or not there are differences in growth factor expression between fibroblasts derived from buccal mucosal and normal skin, we investigated the expression of hepatocyte(More)
The effects of all-trans retinoic acid (RA) on melanogenesis and the mechanism of its action in topical treatment have not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of RA on melanogenesis in the pigmented skin equivalent as well as in monolayer culture of melanocytes, and to determine whether RA, hydroquinone (HQ), and(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of skin changes associated with ageing are caused by photoageing and reflect cumulative sun exposure. Although the actinic damage plays a major role in skin pigmentation, it is also important to examine the effects of chronological cellular ageing on the pigmentation. The chief cellular components of the skin other than melanocytes(More)
BACKGROUND Synovial fluid was collected prior to and at 3 to 4 days after ACL reconstruction to investigate the correlation between inflammatory cytokine levels in the acute phase after surgery and physical functional recovery at 3 months postoperatively. METHODS  For this purpose, 79 patients with ACL reconstruction using semitendinosus tendons were(More)
End-to-side neurorrhaphy has proven effective in basic research and in clinical application. One of the methods of end-to-side neurorrhaphy, nerve bypass technique, has been reported and axon regeneration has been proven. In clinical application, the utility of the nerve bypass technique has been revealed in some cases; however, these bypasses were(More)
BACKGROUNDS The main problem with intraoral distraction of the mandible is the inability to achieve the three-dimensional mandibular correction as planned preoperatively. We developed a technique that allows spontaneous changes in the direction of mandibular elongation using an intraoral distractor. METHODS After mandibular osteotomy, the distractor is(More)
OBJECTIVE Various types of neurovascular free-muscle transfers have been reported as surgical treatments for long-standing facial paralysis. Among one-stage methods, two approaches, that is, latissimus dorsi transfer with nerve suturing to the contralateral facial nerve and gracilis transfer with nerve suturing to the ipsilateral masseteric nerve, have(More)