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A recent preliminary study using complete mitochondrial DNA sequences from 48 species of teleosts has suggested that higher teleostean phylogenies should be reinvestigated on the basis of more intensive taxonomic sampling. As a second step towards the resolution of higher teleostean phylogenies, which have been described as the "(unresolved) bush at the top(More)
The 17,191-bp mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of a Japanese colubrid snake, akamata (Dinodon semicarinatus), was cloned and sequenced. The snake mtDNA has some peculiar features that were found in our previous study using polymerase chain reaction: duplicate control regions that have completely identical sequences over 1 kbp, translocation of tRNALeu(UUR) gene,(More)
The basal actinopterygians comprise four major lineages (polypteriforms, acipenseriforms, lepisosteids, and Amia) and have been collectively called "ancient fish." We investigated the phylogeny of this group of fishes in relation to teleosts using mitochondrial genomic (mitogenomic) data, and compared this to the various alternative phylogenetic hypotheses(More)
The southern and northern Japanese populations of the medaka fish provide useful tools to gain insights into the comparative genomics and speciation of vertebrates, because they can breed to produce healthy and fertile offspring despite their highly divergent genetic backgrounds compared with those of human-chimpanzee. Comparative genomics analysis has(More)
BACKGROUND Recent advances in DNA sequencing and computation offer the opportunity for reliable estimates of divergence times between organisms based on molecular data. Bayesian estimations of divergence times that do not assume the molecular clock use time constraints at multiple nodes, usually based on the fossil records, as major boundary conditions.(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome was determined for a harpacticoid copepod, Tigriopus japonicus (Crustacea), using an approach that employs a long polymerase chain reaction technique and primer walking. Although the genome (14,628 bp) contained the same set of 37 genes (2 ribosomal RNA, 22 transfer RNA, and 13 protein-coding(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) regions corresponding to two major tRNA gene clusters were amplified and sequenced for the Japanese pit viper, himehabu. In one of these clusters, which in most vertebrates characterized to date contains three tightly connected genes for tRNA(Ile), and tRNA(Gln), and tRNA(Met), a sequence of approximately 1.3 kb was found to be(More)
We determined the whole mitochondrial genome sequence for Indonesian coelacanth Latimeria menadoensis. The genome content and organization were identical to that of typical vertebrates including Comoran coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae. The overall nucleotide differences between the two species (excluding the control region) was 4.28%. The divergence time(More)
Phylogenetic relationships of rabbitfishes (the family Siganidae), ecologically important components as primary consumers in coral reef communities, were studied using mitochondrial cytochrome b gene and nuclear ITS1 (internal transcribed spacer 1) sequence analyses. The analyses of 19 out of 22 species known in the Western Pacific region revealed that(More)
Turtles have highly specialized morphological characteristics, and their phylogenetic position has been under intensive debate. Previous molecular studies have not established a consistent and statistically well supported conclusion on this issue. In order to address this, complete mitochondrial DNA sequences were determined for the green turtle and the(More)