Mutsumi Matsuu-Matsuyama

Learn More
Interleukin-11 (IL-11) is a well known anti-inflammatory cytokine that is associated with cell growth, and also participates in limiting X-ray irradiation induced intestinal mucosal injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of IL-11 on the cell injury induced by X-ray irradiation in rat intestinal epithelial IEC-18 cells.(More)
Polaprezinc, an anti-ulcer drug, is a chelate compound consisting of zinc and L-carnosine. Polaprezinc has been shown to prevent gastric mucosal injury. The anti ulcer effects of polaprezinc have been ascribed to its antioxidative property. The effect of polaprezinc on ionizing radiation-induced apoptosis was studied in the jejunal epithelial crypt cells of(More)
Defective DNA damage response (DDR) can result in genomic instability (GIN) and lead to the transformation into cancer. P53-binding protein 1 (53BP1) belongs to a family of evolutionarily conserved DDR proteins. Because 53BP1 molecules localize at the sites of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) and rapidly form nuclear foci, the presence of 53BP1 foci can be(More)
Radiotherapy for malignant pelvic disease is often followed by acute radiation colitis (ARC). It has been reported that sucralfate treatment has a protective effect against ARC, though the mechanisms of action are unknown. The effects of sucralfate on X-ray radiation-induced apoptosis was studied at 4 Gy in the colonic crypt cells of rats. Sucralfate enemas(More)
Epidermal cells are the first cells to be exposed to environmental genotoxic agents such as ultraviolet and ionizing radiations, which induce DNA double strand breaks (DSB) and activate DNA damage response (DDR) to maintain genomic integrity. Defective DDR can result in genomic instability (GIN) which is considered to be a central aspect of any carcinogenic(More)
The effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was studied in radiation-induced apoptosis in rat jejunal crypt cells. Six-week-old male Wistar rats were administered 4 mg/kg bFGF intraperitoneally 25 h before receiving 8 Gy whole-body X rays. The jejunum was removed for analysis from time 0 to 120 h after irradiation. Villus length in control rats(More)
X rays are well known to cause genetic damage and to induce many types of carcinomas in humans. The Apc(min/+) mouse, an animal model for human familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), contains a truncating mutation in the APC gene and spontaneously develops intestinal adenomas. To elucidate the role of X rays in the development of intestinal tumors, we(More)
A high dose of ionizing external radiation damage to the skin and soft tissue results in changes in function as well as in the general body condition. Once radiation surpasses the tissue safety or survival level, progressive alteration in the damaged tissue results in tissue loss and then flap loss. Local expression and action of stem cells or local growth(More)
Exposure to ionizing radiation during childhood is a well-known risk factor for thyroid cancer. Our study evaluated the effect of age on the radiosensitivity of rat thyroid glands. Four-week-old (4W), 7 -week-old (7W), and 8-month-old (8M) male Wistar rats were exposed to 8 Gy of whole-body X-ray irradiation. Thyroids were removed 3-72 h after irradiation,(More)
We postulated that nuclear dust within the lamina propria beneath the basement membrane of the epithelium in colonic mucosa is a form of apoptotic epithelial cells and that its expression triggers dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis. The aim was to determine the origin of nuclear dust and to explore the correlation between nuclear dust expression and(More)