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To evaluate the effect of the odor of incense on brain activity, electroencephalograms (EEGs) and event-related potentials (ERPs) in a push/wait paradigm were recorded in 10 healthy adults (aged 23-39 years) with normal olfactory function. EEG was recorded from 21 electrodes on the scalp, according to the International 10-20 system, and EEG power spectra(More)
We report a case of a 54-year-old man with sudden-onset double-vision. On admission, neurological examination showed upward and downward gaze palsy on voluntary and smooth pursuit movements, and vertical oculocephalic maneuver elicited a full upward and downward response. Bell's phenomenon, horizontal eye movements and convergence were not impaired. Based(More)
Autonomic and olfactory dysfunctions are considered markers for preclinical diagnosis in Parkinson's disease (PD), because pathological changes in these systems can start before motor symptoms develop. We investigated whether cardiac sympathetic function and olfactory function are associated in PD. Participants comprised 40 nondemented patients with(More)
Odor impairment and its relationship with TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) pathology in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have not been fully elucidated. We performed the odor stick identification test for Japanese (OSIT-J) in 18 ALS patients and in 18 controls. The score was significantly decreased (6.6 ± 2.7) in the patients versus the(More)
In Parkinson's disease (PD), sudden unexpected sleep episodes and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) while driving and engaging in social activities are important problems. We conducted a multi-center study to clarify the prevalence and contributing factor of EDS and sleep episodes in Japanese patients with PD. We evaluated 188 patients with PD (85 men, 103(More)
OBJECTIVE The long-term use of levodopa to treat Parkinson's disease (PD) is often limited by the development of motor complications (e.g., levodopa-induced dyskinesia, LID). We hypothesized that a non-ergot dopamine agonist with strong affinity for D3) dopamine receptors (pramipexole) may improve LID in patients taking an ergot D1/D2 dopamine agonist. (More)
Using a new collision method, we measured motor nerve conduction velocities of the ulnar nerve in the forearm and the action potential amplitude of the abductor digiti minimi muscle on 60 adults, ages 20 to 82 years and apparently free from diseases of the peripheral nervous system. Both maximal and minimal motor nerve conduction velocities were linear(More)
We report a 63-year-old right-handed man who presented an alien hand syndrome (AHS). He complained of clumsiness of his left hand and admitted to our hospital. On the first examination, he presented left homonymous hemianopia, left spatial neglect and left limb ataxia, but neither paralysis nor sensory impairment. A few days after, he complained that his(More)