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Acidosis is associated with inflammation and ischemia and activates cation channels in sensory neurons. Inflammation also induces expression of FMRFamidelike neuropeptides, which modulate pain. We found that neuropeptide FF (Phe-Leu-Phe-Gln-Pro-Gln-Arg-Phe amide) and FMRFamide (Phe-Met-Arg-Phe amide) generated no current on their own but potentiated(More)
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters bind and hydrolyze ATP. In the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator Cl(-) channel, this interaction with ATP generates a gating cycle between a closed (C) and two open (O1 and O2) conformations. To understand better how ATP controls channel activity, we examined gating transitions from the C to the O1(More)
We examined whether norepinephrine (NE) had direct effects on cytokine production by murine intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs), compared with splenocytes. CD3⁺ IELs and CD3⁺ splenocytes expressed α(1B), α(1D), α(2C), β₁, β₂, and β₃ adrenoceptors (ARs). NE significantly suppressed IFN-γ and TNF-α production by IELs and splenocytes ex vivo. The(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that a faecal cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA assay was useful for identifying colorectal cancer (CRC). This study sought to investigate the factors that contribute to faecal COX-2 mRNA expression in subjects with CRC. METHODS The study cohort comprised 78 patients with CRC and 36 control subjects. The expressions of COX-2,(More)
BACKGROUND Protracted low-dose concurrent chemotherapy combined with radiation has been proposed for enhanced treatment results for esophageal cancer. We evaluated the efficacy and the toxicity of a novel regimen of daily low-dose nedaplatin (cis-diammine-glycolatoplatinum) and continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) with radiation in patients with(More)
Assessment of perinatal effects of drug exposure during pregnancy after approval is an important issue for regulatory agencies. The study aimed to explore associations between perinatal outcomes and maternal exposure to drugs for chronic diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, and autoimmune disease.We reviewed 521 cases of adverse reactions due to drug(More)
Severe late toxicity following chemoradiotherapy in esophageal cancer, especially cardiac toxicity, is sometimes difficult to treat and is associated with mortality. However there is little published information with regard to patients with delayed pericardial effusion following chemoradiotherapy and its management. We herein report the case of a(More)
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