Muthusamy Srinivasan

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Previous studies show a differential effect of dopamine and its agonist apomorphine on ventilation, being depressant on adults and stimulatory on fetal respiratory breathing movements. In view of this we studied the effect of apomorphine, specific antagonists of dopamine receptors SCH 23390 (D1), sulpiride and domperidone (D2), and cis(z)-flupentixol (D1 +(More)
A wide variety of neuroactive substances have been suggested to be involved in the respiratory depression observed in response to severe hypoxia. By use of the technique of microdialysis, the release of dopamine (DA) was measured in the nucleus tractus solitarii during severe hypoxic provocations (6% O2 in N2) in the adult pentobarbital-anesthetized rabbit.(More)
1. The respiratory role of the area postrema (AP) has been investigated in pentobarbitone- or alpha-chloralose-anaesthetized, vagotomized, paralysed and artificially ventilated rabbits, by means of electrical stimulation and microinjections of DL-homocysteic acid (DLH). Phrenic nerve activity was used as an index of central respiratory drive. 2. Bipolar(More)
In the adult, pentobarbitone-anaesthetized rabbit, the in vivo release of substance P-like immunoreactivity was measured in the nucleus tractus solitarii using microdialysis and radioimmunoassay. Increased 160 +/- 16%) extracellular concentrations of substance P-like immunoreactivity were observed during hypoxic provocations of 9% O2 in N2 which also(More)
The turnover of catecholamines (CA) was determined in the adrenal medulla and brain of rat fetuses and pups. In general we found a considerable increase soon after birth. The expression of mRNA for CA-synthesizing enzymes was also considerably enhanced in the adrenals shortly after birth. Furthermore, we demonstrated increased expression of neuropeptides(More)
The serum of most patients with type 1 macular corneal dystrophy (MCD), the most prevalent subtype, lacks detectable antigenic keratan sulfate (KS), and it has been postulated that such individuals may lack antigenic KS in their cartilage as well. To test this hypothesis, we studied the cornea, serum, and nasal cartilage from an MCD patient using light and(More)
The perinatal ontogeny of preprotachykinin-A gene expression was assessed in central respiration-related structures. On the day of birth, there was an enhanced expression of preprotachykinin-A mRNA in the region of the nucleus tractus solitarii, the primary relay station for respiratory and cardiovascular reflexes. This increased expression was also seen in(More)
Acute intravenous administration of the selective D1 receptor blocker SCH-23390 resulted in an enhanced respiratory motor output as evidenced by the phrenic nerve activity, whereas local perfusion into the region of nucleus tractus solitarii had no effect. The increase in phrenic nerve activity was accompanied by a concomitant increase in the release of(More)