Muthugapatti M. Kandasamy

Learn More
The role of the cytoskeleton in the regulation of chloroplast motility and positioning has been investigated by studying: (1) structural relationship of actin microfilaments, microtubules, and chloroplasts in cryofixed and freeze-substituted leaf cells of Arabidopsis; and (2) the effects of anti-actin (Latrunculin B; LAT-B) and anti-microtubule (Oryzalin)(More)
The Actin Depolymerizing Factor (ADF) gene family of Arabidopsis thaliana encodes 11 functional protein isovariants in four ancient subclasses. We report the characterization of the tissue-specific and developmental expression of all Arabidopsis ADF genes and the subcellular localization of several protein isovariants. The four subclasses exhibited distinct(More)
Arabidopsis hexokinase1 (HXK1) is a moonlighting protein that has separable functions in glucose signaling and in glucose metabolism. In this study, we have characterized expression features and glucose phosphorylation activities of the six HXK gene family members in Arabidopsis thaliana. Three of the genes encode catalytically active proteins, including a(More)
Six sequences that are closely related to the S gene family of the largely self-incompatible Brassica species have been identified in self-fertilizing Arabidopsis. The sequences define four genomic regions that map to chromosomes 1 and 3. Of the four functional genes identified, only the previously reported Arabidopsis AtS1 gene was expressed specifically(More)
Self-incompatibility in Brassica oleracea is now viewed as a cellular interaction between pollen and the papillar cells of the stigma surface. In this species, the inhibition of self-pollen occurs at the stigma surface under the influence of S-locus specific glycoproteins (SLSG). We used antibodies specific for a protein epitope of SLSG to study the(More)
The ACT2 gene, encoding one of eight actin isovariants in Arabidopsis, is the most strongly expressed actin gene in vegetative tissues. A search was conducted for physical defects in act2-1 mutant plants to account for their reduced fitness compared with wild type in population studies. The act2-1 insertion fully disrupted expression of ACT2 RNA and(More)
Actin-related proteins (ARPs) are found in the nuclei of all eukaryotic cells, but their functions are generally understood only in the context of their presence in various yeast and animal chromatin-modifying complexes. Arabidopsis thaliana ARP6 is a clear homolog of other eukaryotic ARP6s, including Saccharomyces cerevisiae ARP6, which was identified as a(More)
Profilin is a low-molecular weight, actin monomer-binding protein that regulates the organization of actin cytoskeleton in eukaryotes, including higher plants. Unlike the simple human or yeast systems, the model plant Arabidopsis has an ancient and highly divergent multi-gene family encoding five distinct profilin isovariants. Here we compare and(More)
HEXOKINASE1 (HXK1) from Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) has dual roles in glucose (Glc) signaling and in Glc phosphorylation. The cellular context, though, for HXK1 function in either process is not well understood. Here we have shown that within normal experimental detection limits, AtHXK1 is localized continuously to mitochondria. Two mitochondrial(More)