Muthoka L Mutinga

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OBJECTIVES:Acute lower intestinal bleeding is a heterogeneous disorder and identification of high-risk patients is challenging. We previously retrospectively identified predictors of severity in patients with acute lower intestinal bleeding. The aim of this study was to prospectively validate a clinical prediction rule for severe acute lower intestinal(More)
UNLABELLED Several prior studies have suggested that 80% of deaths in acute pancreatitis occur late as a result of pan-creatic infection. Others have suggested that approx half of deaths occur early as a result of multisystem organ failure. The aim of the present study was to determine the timing of mortality of acute pancreatitis at a large tertiary-care(More)
This laboratory recently reported that the blood pressure and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) responses to cold pressor testing are greater in normotensive blacks than in age- and weight-matched normotensive whites. The present study was designed to determine the relationship between race, family history of hypertension, and sympathetic response to(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare sympathetic nerve activity responses to the cold pressor test in black and white normotensive subjects. We recorded muscle sympathetic nerve activity (microneurography of the peroneal nerve), arterial blood pressure, and heart rate in 9 normotensive American blacks (24 +/- 2 years, mean +/- SEM) and 10 normotensive(More)
OBJECTIVES:Diagnostic criteria for hereditary colorectal cancer (CRC) are complex. “Open-access” colonoscopy makes it challenging to identify who needs genetic evaluation, intensive surveillance, and screening for extracolonic tumors. Our aim was to develop a simple, preprocedural risk assessment tool to identify who may be at highest risk for CRC.METHODS:A(More)
BACKGROUND Rarely, patchy right colonic inflammation has been observed in patients with left sided chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC), but the clinical significance of this finding is unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and pathologic features and natural history of CUC patients with left-sided colitis combined with patchy(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to determine rates of maternal postpartum hepatitis B virus (HBV) follow-up with a HBV specialist and identify factors associated with poor follow-up, as prior research has focused on infant outcomes and not maternal care. STUDY DESIGN We conducted a retrospective review of data from Partners HealthCare system, the largest health care(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an emerging medical technology capable of generating high-resolution cross-sectional imaging of tissue microstructure in situ and in real time. We assess the use and feasibility of OCT for real-time screening and diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus, and also review state-of-the-art OCT(More)
OBJECTIVE:Gastroenterology fellows on-call often serve as the initial or only contact for patients calling “after hours” with questions and symptoms. These fellows are rarely trained specifically in how to handle these calls. The aim of this study was to determine whether there are particular topics in telephone medicine that ought to be covered in new(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in age- and weight-matched African-Americans and American Caucasians with primary hypertension. DESIGN Using microneurography, we compared MSNA at rest and in response to cold-pressor testing and handgrip exercise in 13 hypertensive African-Americans and 12 hypertensive American Caucasians. (More)