Muthian Shanmugasundaram

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The N(7)-methyl guanosine cap located on the 5'-terminus of mRNAs is important for a number of biochemical processes. A new dinucleoside triphosphate cap analog was synthesized with methyl groups on the N(7) of both guanine moieties, as well as the 3'-OH of one of the ribose moieties [see text]. The function of this trimethylated cap analog was compared(More)
There has been considerable therapeutic interest in the development of human vaccines against cancers and infectious diseases such as HIV and biowarfare agents by using transfected mRNAs for antigenic proteins of interest. The highest expression levels of these proteins are obtained when the transfected mRNA contains 5'-capped ends. In the present study,(More)
The synthesis and biological evaluation of a new cap analog, which is modified at the C2' and C3' positions of N(7)-methylguanosine is reported. The new cap analog, P(1)-2',3'-isopropylidene, 7-methylguanosine-5'P(3)-guanosine-5'triphosphate was assayed with respect to its effects on efficiency of incorporation into RNAs during in vitro transcription, and(More)
At pH 7.1, saxitoxin decomposes to produce a trace impurity that can interfere with fluorescence sensing when using irradiation wavelengths near 325 nm. The fluorophore acridine is found to be a suitable component of arylmethyl crown ether chemosensors for the fluorescent detection of saxitoxin. These sensors are selective for the detection of saxitoxin(More)
The first example of the synthesis of new dinucleotide cap analog containing propargyl group such as m(7,3'-O-propargyl)G[5']ppp[5']G is reported. The effect of propargyl cap analog with standard cap was evaluated with respect to their capping efficiency, in vitro T7 RNA polymerase transcription efficiency, and translation activity using cultured HeLa(More)
A facile, straightforward, reliable, and an efficient method for the gram-scale chemical synthesis of both purine deoxynucleotides such as 2 '-deoxyguanosine-5 '-triphosphate (dGTP) and 2 '-deoxyadenosine-5 '-triphosphate (dATP) and pyrimidine deoxynucleotides such as 2 '-deoxycytidine-5 '-triphosphate (dCTP), thymidine-5 '-triphosphate (TTP), and 2(More)
The synthesis and proteolytic inhibitor function of two new tetrapeptides, methoxysuccinyl-Ala-Ala-Pro-Phe-chloromethyl ketone (MeOSuc-AAPF-CH(2)Cl) and methoxysuccinyl-Ala-Pro-Ala-Phe-chloromethyl ketone (MeOSuc-APAF-CH(2)Cl) are described. The efficacy of these two new analogs in inhibiting the proteolytic activity of proteinase K has been compared with(More)
A simple, straightforward, reliable, and efficient method for the chemical synthesis of sodium salt of 2'-deoxynucleoside-5'-O-triphosphates (dNTPs), starting from the corresponding nucleoside, is described. This improved "one-pot, three-step" synthetic strategy involves the monophosphorylation of nucleoside, followed by reaction with tributylammonium(More)
The first example of the synthesis of new dinucleotide cap analog containing 2('),3(')-diacetyl group on m(7)guanosine moiety is described. The desired modified cap analog, m(7,2)(')(,3)(')(-diacetyl)G[5(')]ppp[5(')]G has been obtained by the coupling reaction of triethylamine salt of m(7,2)(')(,3)(')(-diacetyl)GDP with ImGMP in presence of ZnCl2 as a(More)
The influence of constant temperatures of 27, 29, 31 and 33°C and alternating temperature of 31/33°C (18/6 h) onSturmiopsis inferens Townsend was studied during 12 successive generations. The larval and pupal periods for male parasites were 13.5±0.5 and 11.0±0.3 days respectively and for female 12.8±0.5 and 11.1±0.3 days respectively in the 1st generatioin(More)