Mustapha Rouis

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IL-1β production is critically regulated by cytosolic molecular complexes, termed inflammasomes. Different inflammasome complexes have been described to date. While all inflammasomes recognize certain pathogens, it is the distinctive feature of NLRP3 inflammasome to be activated by many and diverse stimuli making NLRP3 the most versatile, and importantly(More)
OBJECTIVE Uptake of modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) by macrophages through scavenger receptors results in lipid droplets accumulation and foam cell formation. Excess lipid deposition in macrophages has been reported to modulate expression of several genes including adipophilin. In this study, we investigated the function of adipophilin in lipid(More)
Specifically designed and functionalized nanoparticles hold great promise for biomedical applications. Yet, the applicability of nanoparticles is critically predetermined by their surface functionalization. Here we demonstrate that amino-functionalized polystyrene nanoparticles (PS-NH(2)) of ∼100 nm in diameter, but not carboxyl- or nonfunctionalized(More)
Lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is a key enzyme which catalyzes the esterification of free cholesterol present in plasma lipoproteins. In order to evaluate the role of LCAT in HDL metabolism, a 6.2-kilobase (kb) fragment consisting of 0.851 and 1.134 kb of the 5'- and 3'-flanking regions, as well as the entire human LCAT gene, was utilized to(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPAR-delta) is a transcription factor implicated in metabolism and inflammation. The +294T/C polymorphism in the PPAR-delta gene is associated with risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in dyslipidemic women and hypercholesterolemic men. Whether this polymorphism influences the risk of CAD in the absence of(More)
The low density lipoproteins (LDL) of human plasma consist of a series of discrete particle subspecies of distinct physicochemical, immunological, and hydrodynamic properties. Such structural differences are intimately linked to the metabolic heterogeneity of circulating LDL in vivo. The current studies were designed to evaluate and compare the interaction(More)
A new polymorphism located at position -629 (CETP/-629A/C) in the promoter of the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene is described. The -629A allele was associated with lower CETP mass (P<0. 0001) and higher high density lipoprotein cholesterol (P<0.001) than the C allele in a sample of 536 control subjects from the ECTIM study. Transfection(More)
The thioredoxin (Trx) system comprises Trx, truncated Trx (Trx-80), Trx reductase, and NADPH, besides a natural Trx inhibitor, the thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP). This system is essential for maintaining the balance of the cellular redox status, and it is involved in the regulation of redox signaling. It is also pivotal for growth promotion,(More)
Lipid accumulation alters macrophage biology and contributes to lipid retention within the vessel wall. In this study, we investigated the role of adipophilin on triglyceride accumulation and lipid-droplet formation in THP-1-derived macrophages (THP-1 macrophages). In the presence of acetylated low-density lipoprotein, macrophages infected with an(More)
BACKGROUND Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant inherited disease caused by mutations in either the low-density lipoprotein receptor, the apolipoprotein B or the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 genes. It is characterized by a high concentration of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), which frequently gives rise to premature(More)