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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) genotypes, subgenotypes, HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) subtypes and naturally occurring mutations in Major Hydrophilic region (MHR) of HBsAg among Moroccan patients with chronic HBV infection. METHODS The study included 200 patients chronically infected with HBV. The(More)
Reactive oxygen species have been related to the aetiology of cancer as they are known to be mitogenic and therefore capable of tumour promotion. The aim of this study was to assess the role of common variation in three polymorphic genes (MnSOD Ala-9Val, GPX1 Pro198Leu and CAT -262 C > T) coding for antioxidant defence enzymes in modulating individual(More)
AIM Codon 72 polymorphism of the p53 gene has been implicated in cancer risk, and it has been suggested that it may have an impact on the clinical outcome of the disease. Our objective was to evaluate the association between p53 polymorphism at codon 72 and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the Moroccan population. METHODS Genomic DNA was extracted from(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary hemochromatosis and SERPINA1 mutation were reported to affect liver functions. Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of HFE and SERPINA1 (formerly known as alpha1-antitrypsin, AAT) mutations and assess their influence on hepatocellular carcinoma development. METHODS This study included 222 controls and 96 cases with(More)
The molecular pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma, a tumour characterized by a vast clinical heterogeneity, remains unexplored outside Europe and Eastern Asia. We analysed by direct sequencing or loss of heterozygosity assay, the common targets of genomic alterations in 42 hepatocellular carcinomas collected in western North-Africa. Overall, genomic(More)
The present study provides the first data about the prevalence of Salmonella contamination of broilers and slaughterhouses in the region of Constantine, Algeria. The serotypes and anti-microbial resistance phenotypes of the isolates were determined, and risk factors contributing to the contamination were evaluated. A total of 2490 samples, 1800 originating(More)
BACKGROUND The Murine double minute 2 (MDM2) gene encodes a negative regulator of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the MDM2 promoter (a T to G exchange at nucleotide 309) has been reported to produce accelerated tumor formation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this functional SNP is associated with(More)
The burden of disease due to chronic viral hepatitis constitutes a global threat. In many Balkan and Mediterranean countries, the disease burden due to viral hepatitis remains largely unrecognized, including in high-risk groups and migrants, because of a lack of reliable epidemiological data, suggesting the need for better and targeted surveillance for(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ranks among the 10 most common cancers worldwide. The main risk factors for its development are hepatitis B and C virus infections. Hepatitis B and C viruses induce chronic inflammation and oxidative stress that could predispose a cell to mutagenesis and proliferation. Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) catalyses the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common cause of death by cancer worldwide. In Morocco, HCC is characterized by few mutations and a mild chromosome instability suggesting that epigenetic changes may represent the driving force of tumorigenesis in the region. Recently, three studies looked for an association between EP300 or PCAF(More)