Mustafa Zerouga

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The influence of dietary fatty acids on Na+ sensitivity and ouabain affinity of Na+/K(+)-ATPase isoenzymes of whole brain membranes were studied in weaned rats fed for two generations with diets either devoid of alpha-linolenic acid (sunflower oil diet) or rich in alpha-linolenic acid (soya oil diet). The (n--3) deficiency induced by the sunflower oil diet(More)
With 22 carbons and 6 double bonds docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is the longest and most unsaturated fatty acid commonly found in membranes. It represents the extreme example of a class of important human health promoting agents known as omega-3 fatty acids. DHA is particularly abundant in retinal and brain tissue, often comprising about 50% of the membrane's(More)
The influence of dietary (n-3) fatty acids (such as eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids) as found in fish oil on Na+ sensitivity and ouabain affinity of Na+,K(+)-ATPase isoenzymes (alpha 1, alpha 2, alpha 3) was studied in whole brain membranes from weaned and adult rats fed diets for two generations. The long chain (n-3) fatty acids supplied by fish(More)
The effects of dietary (n-6)/(n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid balance on fatty acid composition, ouabain inhibition, and Na(+) dependence of Na(+), K(+)-ATPase isoenzymes of whole brain membranes were studied in 60-day-old rats fed over two generations a diet either devoid of alpha-linolenic acid [18:3(n-3)] (sunflower oil diet) or rich in 18:3(n-3)(More)
The influence of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids on fatty acid composition, cholesterol and phospholipid content as well as 'fluidity' (assessed by fluorescence polarization of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH) probes) of brain synaptic plasma membranes (SPM) and their interactions with chronic ethanol effects were studied in rats fed for two(More)
The present study addresses the possible interacting effects of dietary n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) balance and chronic ethanol intoxication on the synaptic membrane responses to ethanol and the development of tolerance in rats. Wistar rats were fed either a standard lab chow or various semi-synthetic diets: rich in PUFA (from soya oil: SO),(More)
Three isoenzymes of digitalis receptors (alpha 1, alpha 2, alpha 3) in the brain and only one in the kidney (alpha 1) can be distinguished by their ouabain affinities and their responsiveness to sodium. Since we have reported modulations for these digitalis receptors by their fatty acid membrane environment, anaesthesics could bind on and modulate either(More)
A large number of studies have given clear indications that ethanol does affect the physicochemical properties of the membrane. Membrane reorganization and adaptation can develop against the acute disordering effect of ethanol during chronic intoxication. Nevertheless, there has been so far no direct evidence of correlations between functional tolerance or(More)
Differentiated membrane alterations correlate with the development of functional tolerance or dependence during chronic alcohol intoxication in humans as well as in animals. In animal studies, a single period of continuous exposure was generally used. In humans, the consumption can be more episodic with heavier weekend drinking. How a heavy but intermittent(More)
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