Mustafa Sheikh

Learn More
The structural integrity of mitochondrial cristae is crucial for mitochondrial functions; however, the molecular events controlling the structural integrity and biogenesis of mitochondrial cristae remain to be fully elucidated. Here, we report the functional characterization of a novel mitochondrial protein named CHCM1 (coiled coil helix cristae morphology(More)
gadd45 is a p53-regulated growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible gene that is also regulated in a p53-independent manner. Whether Gadd45 plays a direct role in apoptosis remains unclear. Microinjection of the exogenous gadd45 expression vector into human fibroblasts has been shown to cause G2 arrest but not apoptosis. Recent studies suggest that Gadd45 may(More)
The death receptor (DR) KILLER/DR5 gene has recently been identified as a doxorubicin-regulated transcript that was also induced by exogenous wild-type p53 in p53-negative cells. KILLER/DR5 gene encodes a DR containing cell surface protein that is highly homologous to DR4, another DR of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family. Both DR4 and(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is believed to mediate many of the toxic, carcinogenic, and teratogenic effects of environmental contaminants such as dioxins, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polyhalogenated biphenyls. Ligands for the AHR have been shown to influence cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, but the mechanism by which the(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is known to mediate the toxic and carcinogenic effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and dioxins. High-affinity AHR ligands, such as 2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzeno-p-dioxin, have been shown to modify cell proliferation and differentiation. However, the mechanisms by which AHR affects cell proliferation and(More)
Retinoids mediate their actions via RARs (retinoic acid receptors) and RXRs (retinoid X receptors). Each class of these nuclear retinoid receptors is further subdivided into three species, namely alpha, beta, and gamma. Recent studies demonstrate that estrogen receptor (ER)-positive human breast carcinoma (HBC) cell lines and tumor samples exhibit(More)
The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are potent mitogens for malignant cell proliferation. The majority of secreted IGFs are bound to specific IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) that are secreted by a large number of cells. These proteins may either inhibit or enhance IGF actions. Breast carcinoma cells secrete a variety of IGFBPs. We have previously(More)
The cell surface decoy receptor proteins TRID (also known as DcR1 or TRAIL-R3) and TRUNDD (DcR2, TRAIL-R4) inhibit caspase-dependent cell death induced by the cytotoxic ligand TRAIL in part because of their absent or truncated cytoplasmic death domains, respectively. We previously identified the death domain containing proapoptotic TRAIL death receptor(More)
We report the cloning and characterization of a novel p53 and DNA damage-regulated gene (PDRG). The human and mouse PDRG sequences are highly homologous and contain open reading frames of 133 amino acids each with molecular masses of 15.5 and 15.3 kDa, respectively. PDRG codes for a novel protein that does not show similarity to any known protein in the(More)
We have previously cloned and characterized a novel p53 and DNA damage-regulated gene named PDRG1. PDRG1 was found to be differentially regulated by ultraviolet (UV) radiation and p53. In this study, we further investigated stress regulation of PDRG1 and found it to be selectively regulated by agents that induce genotoxic stress (DNA damage). Using cancer(More)