Urothelial bladder tumour in childhood is extremely rare, and almost all the reported cases have been low-grade tumours with a favourable outcome. Here we review 57 reports comprising 127 cases, and we report two new cases.
OBJECTIVES To review the published cases of leiomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder and to report two further cases. METHODS The databases Pubmed and Hinari were searched using the keywords 'bladder', 'leiomyosarcoma' and 'smooth muscle neoplasm'. The 14 articles identified were reviewed, and we present a further two cases. RESULTS Of more than 100 cases… (More)
An adaptive traffic light control system is one of the parts of intelligent transportation systems. Many technologies and algorithms have been developed to optimize traffic management. Sensors have been used to collect real-time information such as wireless sensor network and smart camera. There are different algorithms have been proposed for the design and… (More)
OBJECTIVES To review the few published cases of prostatic calculi, a rare condition in children, and to report three further cases. METHODS The databases PUBMED and HINARI were searched using the keywords 'childhood' and 'prostatic calculi'; the search included reports from 1956 to the present. Further cases from three families with children having… (More)