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Mutations of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and presenilin-1 (PS1) lead to an increase in beta-amyloid (Abeta) production. Despite the fact that a number of transgenic mice develop cerebral Abeta plaques, few have been subjected to ultrastructural investigation and the sequence of events leading to Abeta plaque formation is unclear. We therefore(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities in left ventricular (LV) structure and function occur in patients with diastolic heart failure (DHF). The reasons for the transition from asymptomatic dysfunction to heart failure need better definition, including noninvasive measurements that can detect the transition. METHODS AND RESULTS In 64 patients undergoing right heart(More)
BACKGROUND Relation of serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels with extent, severity, and complexity of coronary artery disease has not been adequately studied. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between GGT levels and coronary complexity, severity and extent assessed by SYNTAX score and long-term adverse events. METHODS We enrolled 442(More)
Ts65Dn mice are partially trisomic for the distal region of MMU16, which is homologous with the obligate segment of HSA21 triplicated in Down syndrome (DS). Ts65Dn mice are impaired in learning tasks that require an intact hippocampus. In order to investigate the neural basis of these deficits in this mouse model of Down syndrome, quantitative light and(More)
BACKGROUND Slow coronary flow (SCF) is characterized by delayed opacification of epicardial coronary vessels. SCF can cause ischemia and sudden cardiac death. We investigated the association between presence and extent of SCF, and cardiovascular risk factors and hematologic indices. METHODS In this study, 2467 patients who received coronary angiography(More)
An aortic arch variant was found in a 63 year-old male cadaver during routine dissection. An aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) arose from the distal aortic arch after the left subclavian artery and coursed to the right and upward behind the trachea and esophagus. A common origin for the carotid arteries (COCA) accompanied this variant of the right(More)
Septic encephalopathy is a complication of sepsis, and it is closely associated with the increased mortality of the sufferers. Pathophysiology of septic encephalopathy is not still completely understood. In an attempt to provide insight into the pathogenesis of septic encephalopathy, a light and electron microscopic investigation has been carried out in a(More)
AIM We aimed to compare the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) between atorvastatin versus rosuvastatin in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary coronary angioplasty. METHODS One hundred ninety-two consecutive patients, who underwent primary percutaneous intervention (p-PCI) with the diagnosis of(More)