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An adaptive smoothing technique for speckle suppression in medical B-scan ultrasonic imaging is presented. The technique is based on filtering with appropriately shaped and sized local kernels. For each image pixel, a filtering kernel, which fits to the local homogeneous region containing the processed pixel, is obtained through a local statistics based(More)
Piezoelectric materials have dominated the ultrasonic transducer technology. Recently, capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) have emerged as an alternative technology offering advantages such as wide bandwidth, ease of fabricating large arrays, and potential for integration with electronics. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the(More)
In the case of a static or motion compensated camera, static background segmentation methods can be applied to segment the interesting foreground objects from the background. Although a lot of methods have been proposed, a general assessment of the state of the art is not available. An important issue is to compare various state of the art methods in terms(More)
In real-time ultrasonic 3-D imaging, in addition to difficulties in fabricating and interconnecting 2-D transducer arrays with hundreds of elements, there are also challenges in acquiring and processing data from a large number of ultrasound channels. The coarray (spatial convolution of the transmit and receive arrays) can be used to find efficient array(More)
For phased-array ultrasound imaging, alternative beamforming techniques and their VLSI circuits are studied to form a fully digital receive front-end hardware. In order to increase the timing accuracy in beamforming, a computationally efficient interpolation scheme to increase the sampling rate is examined. For adaptive beamforming, a phase aberration(More)
Segmentation of moving objects in image sequences plays an important role in video processing and analysis. Evaluating the quality of segmentation results is necessary to allow the appropriate selection of segmentation algorithms and to tune their parameters for optimal performance. Many segmentation algorithms have been proposed along with a number of(More)
Spatial region (image) segmentation is a fundamental step for many computer vision applications. Although many methods have been proposed, less work has been done in developing suitable evaluation methodologies for comparing different approaches. The main problem of general purpose segmentation evaluation is the dilemma between objectivity and generality.(More)
We are working on integrating front-end electronics with the ultrasound transducer array for real-time 3D ultrasound imaging systems. We achieve this integration by flip-chip bonding a two-dimensional transducer array to an integrated circuit (IC) that comprises the front-end electronics. The front-end IC includes preamplifiers, multiplexers, and pulsers.(More)
A computationally efficient method for phase aberration correction in ultrasound imaging is presented. The method is based on time delay estimation via minimization of the sum of absolute differences between radio frequency samples of adjacent array elements. Effects of averaging estimated aberration patterns over scan angle and truncation to a single bit(More)
This paper presents a novel approach to human body posture recognition based on the MPEG-7 contour-based shape descriptor and the widely used projection histogram. A combination of them was used to recognize the main posture and the view of a human based on the binary object mask obtained by the segmentation process. The recognition is treated as a typical(More)