Mustafa Jafri

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The neurotransmitters at synapses in taste buds are not yet known with confidence. Here we report a new calcium-imaging technique for taste buds that allowed us to test for the presence of glutamate receptors (GluRs) in living isolated tissue preparations. Taste cells of rat foliate papillae were loaded with calcium green dextran (CaGD). Lingual slices(More)
1. Standard intracellular recording techniques with 'sharp' micropipettes were used to evoke action potentials (APs) in acutely dissociated adult nodose neurones. 2. APs induced a transient increase in [Ca2+]i (a calcium transient), recorded with fura-2, that was dependent upon [Ca2+]o and the number of APs. Over the range of one to sixty-five APs, the(More)
OBJECTIVE Exposure to a number of drugs, chemicals, or environmental factors can cause parkinsonism. Epidemiologic evidence supports a causal link between the consumption of flour made from the washed seeds of the plant Cycas micronesica by the Chamorro population of Guam and the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/parkinsonism dementia complex. (More)
Oxidative stress and inflammation appear to play a critical role in the progression of Parkinson's disease. As a result, there has been growing interest in antioxidant pathways and how these pathways might be exploited to slow the progressive loss of dopamine neurons. One such pathway that has garnered attention recently is mediated by the transcription(More)
1. Intracellular recordings were made in intact and acutely dissociated vagal afferent neurones (nodose ganglion cells) of the ferret to investigate the membrane effects of histamine. 2. In current-clamp or voltage-clamp recordings, histamine (10 microM) depolarized the membrane potential (10 +/- 0.8 mV; mean +/- S.E.M.; n = 27) or produced an inward(More)
We have previously shown that intrastriatal injection of Delta RR, the growth-compromised herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) vector for the antiapoptotic protein ICP10PK, prevents apoptosis caused by the excitotoxin N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) in a mouse model of glutamatergic neuronal cell death (Golembewski et al. [2007] Exp. Neurol. 203:381-393).(More)
Substance P (SP) hyperpolarizes approximately 80% of ferret vagal sensory neurons (nodose ganglion neurons) via NK-1 receptor-mediated activation of a potassium current (IK). A depolarizing current activated by membrane hyperpolarization could minimize the SP-induced hyperpolarization. Such a current exists in 65% of the nodose neurons (n = 264). In this(More)
OBJECTIVES Endothelial disruption within saphenous vein and radial artery grafts increases thrombosis risk. However, no clinically applicable method for imaging the intima currently exists. We used a novel infrared imaging technology, optical coherence tomography (OCT; LightLab Imaging, Inc, Westford, Mass), to visualize the intima within harvested(More)
Optical contrast is often the limiting factor in the imaging of live biological tissue. Studies were conducted in postmortem human brain to identify clinical applications where the structures of interest possess high intrinsic optical contrast and where the real-time, high-resolution imaging capabilities of optical coherence tomography (OCT) may be(More)
Cochlear implantation is now being performed in ears with residual hearing. Those implant recipients who keep residual hearing may benefit from improved pitch resolution through both electrical and acoustic hearing. Preservation of cochlear function after implantation is a challenging task for the surgeon. Current topics of hearing preservation research(More)