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BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterised by autoimmunity to citrullinated proteins, and there is increasing epidemiologic evidence linking Porphyromonas gingivalis to RA. P gingivalis is apparently unique among periodontal pathogens in possessing a citrullinating enzyme, peptidylarginine deiminase (PPAD) with the potential to generate antigens(More)
BACKGROUND Studies suggest that periodontitis may be a risk factor for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The purpose of this study was to determine whether periodontitis is associated with autoantibodies characteristic of RA. METHODS Serum samples were tested for anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP), anti-mutated citrullinated vimentin (MCV),(More)
Ig class switch recombination (CSR) is initiated by activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) mediated deamination of the switch (S) regions; the resultant mismatch is processed to yield the DNA breaks required for recombination. Whereas many of the pathways involved in the mechanism of recombination have been identified, little is known about how CSR is(More)
OBJECTIVES Data from North European rheumatoid arthritis (RA) populations has suggested a particularly strong association of gene-environment interaction between smoking and HLA-DRB1 shared epitope (SE) with antibodies to citrullinated α-enolase (CEP-1) and vimentin (cVim) peptides. We investigated this further by examining anticitrullinated peptide/protein(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy and safety of an oral phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor, apremilast, in treatment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) by monitoring symptoms and signs in a pilot study including exploratory investigation of effects of PDE4 inhibition on blood biomarkers of bone biology. METHODS In this double-blind, placebo-controlled,(More)
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