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The influence of cytokinins and culture conditions including medium volume, harvest time and elicitation with abiotic elicitors (SA/MeJ) have been studied for the optimal production of biomass and withanolides in the multiple shoot culture of Withania somnifera. Elicitation of shoot inoculum mass (2 g l−l FW) with SA at 100 μM in the presence of 0.6 mg l−l(More)
Withania somnifera, an important medicinal plant that possesses a variety of bioactive secondary metabolites collectively known as withanolides. Hairy roots with an initial inoculum mass of 5 g FW were elicited separately with methyl jasmonate (MeJ) and salicylic acid (SA) at various concentrations for different exposure times after 30 days of culture.(More)
Withanolide is one of the most extensively exploited steroidal lactones, which are biosynthesized in Withania somnifera. Its production from cell suspension culture was analyzed to defeat limitations coupled with its regular supply from the plant organs. In order to optimize the different factors for sustainable production of withanolides and biomass(More)
Now-a-days synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) through biological entity is quite interesting to employ AgNPs for various biomedical applications in general and treatment of cancer in particular. This paper presents the green synthesis of AgNPs using leaf extract of Podophyllum hexandrum Royle and optimized with various parameters(More)
A generation of nanoparticles research has discussed recently. It is mandatory to elaborate the applications of biogenic nanoparticles in general and anticancereous property in particular. The present study was aimed to investigate the in vitro cytotoxicity effect of biogenic silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells towards the(More)
Adventitious root cultures derived from leaf derived callus of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal were treated with methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid independently. Biomass accumulation, culture age, elicitation period, and culture duration were optimized for higher withanolides production in the two best-responding varieties collected from Kolli hills(More)
An efficient Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation method has been developed for the medicinal plant Podophyllum hexandrum Royle, an important source of the anticancer agent podophyllotoxin. Highly proliferating embryogenic cells were infected with Agrobacterium tumefaciens harbouring pCAMBIA 2301, which contains npt II and gusA as selection marker(More)
This study optimized carbon sources in half MS liquid medium for maximum biomass accumulation and withanolides production in hairy root culture of Withania somnifera. The highest production of withaferin A and withanone was achieved when sucrose and sucrose+glucose were used individually as carbon sources. The hairy root suspension culture supplemented with(More)
Through discourse with international groups of physicians, we conducted a cross-cultural analysis of the types of ethical dilemmas physicians face. Qualitative analysis was used to categorise the dilemmas into seven themes, which we compared among the physicians by country of practice. These themes were a-theoretically-driven and grounded heavily within the(More)
The intent of ethics is to establish a set of standards that will provide a framework to modify, regulate, and possibly enhance moral behaviour. Eleven focus groups were conducted with physicians from six culturally distinct countries to explore their perception of formalized, written ethical guidelines (i.e., codes of ethics, credos, value and mission(More)