Murthy Kasi

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A study was carried out to understand the fate of biodegradable dissolved organic nitrogen (BDON) and bioavailable dissolved organic nitrogen (ABDON) along the treatment trains of a wastewater treatment facility (WWTF) equipped with an activated sludge (AS) system and a WWTF equipped with a two-stage trickling filter (TF) process. A mixed culture bacterial(More)
Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) represents a significant portion of nitrogen in the final effluent of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Biodegradable portion of DON (BDON) can support algal growth and/or consume dissolved oxygen in the receiving waters. The fate of DON and BDON has not been studied for trickling filter WWTPs. DON and BDON data were(More)
A combined enricher reactor (ER)-permeable reactive biobarrier (PRBB) system was developed to treat groundwater with contaminants that appear in batches. An enricher reactor is an offline reactor used to enrich contaminant degraders by supplying necessary growth materials, and the enriched degraders are used to augment PRBB to increase its performance after(More)
A laboratory-scale enricher reactor (ER) - permeable reactive biobarrier (PRBB) system was studied to address performance loss of a PRBB due to substrate interactions among a mixture of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) in groundwater, when the mixture reappeared after a 10-day absence period. Toluene and BTEX as an inducer in ER were(More)
Teaching complex engineering problems can often be enhanced by utilizing students’ prior knowledge in analogously similar problems. Flow of electrical current through a conducting medium is analogous to groundwater flow through a porous medium because both are governed by Laplace equation. This analogy was used in an alternate representational approach by(More)
Effects of operational changes on membrane fouling were evaluated for a wastewater reclamation facility. The focuses were on addition of a coagulant (ferric chloride) versus no addition and an accidental high chlorine (sodium hypochlorite) dose. Two membrane modules with different service ages, 3 years versus 9 months, were compared. Fouling rates ranged(More)
Biodegradability of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) has been studied in wastewater, freshwater and marine water but not in drinking water. Presence of biodegradable DON (BDON) in water prior to and after chlorination may promote formation of nitrogenous disinfectant by-products and growth of microorganisms in the distribution system. In this study, an(More)
A comprehensive study on the effects of different carbon sources during the bacterial enrichment on the removal performances of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) compounds when present as a mixture was conducted. Batch BTEX removal kinetic experiments were performed using cultures enriched with individual BTEX compounds or BTEX as a mixture(More)
Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) and its biodegradability in treated wastewater have recently gained attention due to increased regulatory requirements on effluent quality to protect receiving waters. Laboratory scale chemostat experiments were conducted at 9 different solids retention times (SRTs) (0.3, 0.7, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, and 13 days) to examine(More)
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