Murray P. Ducharme

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The red grape constituent resveratrol possesses cancer chemopreventive properties in rodents. The hypothesis was tested that, in healthy humans, p.o. administration of resveratrol is safe and results in measurable plasma levels of resveratrol. A phase I study of oral resveratrol (single doses of 0.5, 1, 2.5, or 5 g) was conducted in 10 healthy volunteers(More)
Pharmacokinetics of trans-resveratrol in its aglycone (RES(AGL)) and glucuronide (RES(GLU)) forms were studied following intravenous (15 mg/kg i.v.) and oral (50 mg/kg p.o.) administration of trans-resveratrol in a solution of beta-cyclodextrin to intact rats. In addition, the enterohepatic recirculation of RES(AGL) and RES(GLU) was assessed in a linked-rat(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclosporine (INN, ciclosporin) is a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrate whose bioavailability increases when administered with grapefruit juice. It is unknown whether pomelo, a closely related citrus fruit, interacts with cyclosporine in humans. In addition, a case study reports that cranberry juice interacts with(More)
The complete pharmacokinetics (PK) of (R)- and (S)-cyclophosphamide (CP) and their dechloroethylated (DCE) metabolites have not been reported to date. We collected plasma and urine samples from 12 cancer patients and determined concentrations of both enantiomers of CP and DCE-CP using a chiral GC-MS method. All concentrations of (R)-CP, (S)-CP, (R)-DCE-CP,(More)
Regulatory approaches for evaluating therapeutic equivalence of multisource (or generic) drug products vary among different countries and/or regions. Harmonization of these approaches may decrease the number of in vivo bioequivalence studies and avoid unnecessary drug exposure to humans. Global harmonization for regulatory requirements may be promoted by a(More)
BACKGROUND Ofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone agent available as an immediate-release (IR) tablet formulation administered twice daily. An extended-release (ER) formulation of ofloxacin has been developed for oncedaily administration. OBJECTIVES The present studies compared the pharmacokinetic (PK) and safety profiles of the ER and IR formulations of(More)
A 40-month-old child was sedated with a fentanyl and midazolam infusion for 7 days. After the drugs were discontinued he became unresponsive and globally aphasic, and had marked thrombocytosis. He was hospitalized for 4 weeks, during which time his motor and cognitive status slowly improved, and had almost returned to baseline at time of discharge. Severe(More)
In April 2010 a workshop on the "Role of Pharmacokinetics in Establishing Bioequivalence for Orally Inhaled Drug Products" was sponsored by the Product Quality Research Institute (PQRI) in coordination with Respiratory Drug Delivery (RDD) 2010. The objective of the workshop was to evaluate the current state of knowledge and identify gaps in information(More)
Purpose. To describe the pharmacokinetics of R- andS-Ifosfamide (IFF), and their respective 2 and 3 N-dechloroethylated (DCE)metabolites (R2-, R3-, S2, S3-DCE-IFF) in cancer patients. Methods. (R,S)-IFF was administered (1.5 g/m2)daily for 5 days in 13 cancer patients. Plasma and urine samples were collectedand analyzed using an enantioselective GC-MS(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of administering exatecan, a water-soluble, potent camptothecin analogue, as a protracted 21-day continuous i.v. infusion (CIVI). The study also sought to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of exatecan on a 21-day CIVI schedule, characterize its pharmacokinetic behavior, and seek(More)