Murray L. Barclay

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We undertook a meta-analysis of six Crohn's disease genome-wide association studies (GWAS) comprising 6,333 affected individuals (cases) and 15,056 controls and followed up the top association signals in 15,694 cases, 14,026 controls and 414 parent-offspring trios. We identified 30 new susceptibility loci meeting genome-wide significance (P < 5 × 10⁻⁸). A(More)
Genome-wide association studies and candidate gene studies in ulcerative colitis have identified 18 susceptibility loci. We conducted a meta-analysis of six ulcerative colitis genome-wide association study datasets, comprising 6,687 cases and 19,718 controls, and followed up the top association signals in 9,628 cases and 12,917 controls. We identified 29(More)
1. The aminoglycoside antibiotics are 50 years old. Their success and continuing use can be attributed to various factors including rapid concentration-dependent bactericidal effect, synergism with beta-lactam antibiotics, clinical effectiveness, a low rate of true resistance and low cost. 2. The aminoglycosides remain drugs of choice in many circumstances(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, separate genome-wide association analyses have identified nonsynonymous SNPs in IL23R and ATG16L1 (rs11209026; c1142G>A, R381Q, and rs2241880; c1338A>G, T300A, respectively) as strong candidate susceptibility factors for Crohn's disease (CD) in whites. The aim of our study was to test whether these SNPs are associated with CD in a(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The contribution of the gastrointestinal tract in comparison with the liver for the low and variable bioavailability of orally administered drugs is still poorly understood. Here we report on a new intestinal perfusion technique for the direct assessment of absorption, metabolism, and transport of drugs by the intestinal wall. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES Published association studies of the TLR4 Asp299Gly polymorphism and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in caucasian populations have inconsistent results. We tested two TLR4 variants for association with IBD in the New Zealand caucasian population and assessed the cumulative evidence for association of TLR4 Asp299Gly and IBD. METHODS The TLR4(More)
OBJECTIVES Human beta-defensin 2 (hBD-2 or DEFB4) is a highly inducible, antimicrobial peptide, which may have an important role in the innate immune response at epithelial surfaces. Genomic copy number of DEFB4 is polymorphic, with most individuals possessing 3-5 copies. Increased DEFB4 copy number is a susceptibility factor for psoriasis, whereas a single(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of 2 swallowing maneuvers on anterior suprahyoid surface electromyographic measurement and pharyngeal manometric pressure. DESIGN Correlational analysis of biomechanic measures of swallowing. SETTING Research laboratory in a community hospital. PARTICIPANTS A consecutive volunteer sample of 22 healthy subjects(More)
Genome-wide association studies have identified PHOX2B, FAM92B, IRGM and NCF4 as candidate susceptibility factors for ileal Crohn's disease (CD). Here we sought to determine whether these genes were also associated with ileal CD in New Zealand Caucasians, as well as with ileocolonic CD, colonic CD and ulcerative colitis (UC). A total of 507 CD patients, 475(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has increased exponentially in industrialized nations over the last 50 years. Previous New Zealand studies have shown that IBD is less common than in other countries; however, clinical observations suggested a high incidence and prevalence of IBD in Canterbury, particularly Crohn's disease (CD). AIM This study(More)