Murray J. Holland

Learn More
The physical properties and stability of a trapped Bose{Einstein condensate are strongly innuenced by the presence of a net attractive interaction between the particles. In this Letter we describe the spatial distribution, stability, collisional loss rates, and lifetimes for this situation in a weakly interacting trapped atomic gas in the context of mean(More)
1. We have investigated the actions of NS1619, a putative activator of large conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (BKCa) by use of the patch-clamp technique on smooth muscle cells enzymatically isolated from the rat basilar artery. 2. Using whole cell current-clamp to measure membrane potential, addition of 30 microM NS1619 produced cellular(More)
The spectral purity of an oscillator is central to many applications, such as detecting gravity waves, defining the second, ground-state cooling and quantum manipulation of nanomechanical objects, and quantum computation. Recent proposals suggest that laser oscillators which use very narrow optical transitions in atoms can be orders of magnitude more(More)
We propose a new light source based on having alkaline-earth atoms in an optical lattice collectively emit photons on an ultranarrow clock transition into the mode of a high Q resonator. The resultant optical radiation has an extremely narrow linewidth in the mHz range, even smaller than that of the clock transition itself due to collective effects. A power(More)
As an alternative to state-of-the-art laser frequency stabilization using ultrastable cavities, it has been proposed to exploit the nonlinear effects from coupling of atoms with a narrow transition to an optical cavity. Here, we have constructed such a system and observed nonlinear phase shifts of a narrow optical line by a strong coupling of a sample of(More)
We explore the potential of direct spectroscopy of ultranarrow optical transitions of atoms localized in an optical cavity. In contrast to stabilization against a reference cavity, which is the approach currently used for the most highly stabilized lasers, stabilization against an atomic transition does not suffer from Brownian thermal noise. Spectroscopy(More)
The notion of quasi-angular momentum is introduced to label the eigenstates of a Hamiltonian with a discrete rotational symmetry. This concept is recast in an operatorial form where the creation and annihilation operators of a Hubbard Hamiltonian carry units of quasi-angular momentum. Using this formalism, the ground states of ultracold gases of(More)
The interference observed between two Bose-Einstein condensates demonstrated clearly the long-range coherence of a Bose condensate [1]. The fringe contrast is directly related to first-order coherence. Our paper [2] showed that previous measurements of the interaction energy of a condensate can be reinterpreted as a measure for second-order coherence and(More)