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Saltation, the motion of sand grains in a sequence of ballistic trajectories close to the ground, is a major factor for surface erosion, dune formation, and triggering of dust storms on Mars. Although this mode of sand transport has been matter of research for decades through both simulations and wind tunnel experiments under Earth and Mars conditions, it… (More)

Whether the winds of the present Mars are shaping the variety of dune forms observed on the Martian surface has remained an open question that challenged planetary scientists for decades. In order to elucidate this issue, we have studied sand transport and dune formation from two different points of view. The first approach consists of solving the equations… (More)

- Claudio L N Oliveira, Murilo P Almeida, José S Andrade, Hans J Herrmann
- 2008

to the information contained in the abstract submitted by the author(s). The contents of the Technical Paper, as presented, were not reviewed by IBP. The organizers are not supposed to translate or correct the submitted papers. The material as it is presented, does not necessarily represent Brazilian Petroleum, Gas and Biofuels Institute' opinion, nor that… (More)

I will deiscuss the drag of particles on granular surfaces by a fluid. I will present simulations using FLUENT of Aeolian saltation under Earth and Mars conditions obtaining among others the static and dynamic threshold shear and the height of the saltation layer as function of the wind strength. A universal quadratic increase of the saturated flux as… (More)

We investigate the fluid flow through two-dimensional ramified structures by direct simulation of the Navier-Stokes equations. We show that for trees with n generations, the flow distribution strongly depends on the Reynolds number Re. Specifically, for a tree without loops the flow becomes highly heterogeneous at high Re. For a tree with loops, on the… (More)

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