Murielle Salomé

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Tomographic techniques are attractive for the investigation of trabecular bone architecture. Using either conventional X-ray sources or synchrotron sources currently allows the acquisition of 3D images in a wide range of spatial resolution that may be as small as a few micrometers. Since it is technically possible to examine trabecular architecture at(More)
59 Timing the appearance of photosynthetic microorganisms is crucial to understanding the 60 evolution of life on Earth. The ability of the biosphere to use sunlight as a source of energy 61 (photoautotrophy) would have been essential for increasing biomass and for increasing the 62 biogeochemical capacity of all prokaryotes across the range of redox(More)
X-ray computed microtomography is particularly well suited for studying trabecular bone architecture, which requires three-dimensional (3-D) images with high spatial resolution. For this purpose, we describe a three-dimensional computed microtomography (microCT) system using synchrotron radiation, developed at ESRF. Since synchrotron radiation provides a(More)
The microchemical environment of neuromelanin (NM) in whole neurons from formalin fixed and paraffin embedded human substantia nigra sections were characterized using synchrotron chemical X-ray microscopy. Concentrations of NM-associated elements increased in the developing brain; the highest levels of most elements were found in the mature brain but the(More)
In this paper we present a methodology based on 3D synchrotron radiation microtomography to analyze non-destructively 3D bone samples. After a technical presentation of the imaging system and the image analysis techniques, we report results on three-dimensional analysis of vertebral samples from women of different ages. The new capabilities of this(More)
The effect of the concentration of cobalt ferrite (CoFe(2)O(4)) nanoparticles (NPs) on their intracellular location and distribution has been explored by synchrotron radiation X-ray and fluorescence microscopy (SR-XRF) monitoring the evolution of NPs elemental composition as well. In cells exposed to low concentrations of CoFe(2)O(4) NPs, the NPs(More)
A microstructural, mineralogical, and chemical study of the nacre-prisms boundary in the shells of Pinctada margaritifera shows that this boundary is not an abrupt transition, but that there exists a distinct fibrous layer with clear topographic structures and evidence of growth lines. A three-step biomineralization process is proposed that involves changes(More)
New information about calcium status in human scalp hair shaft, deduced from X-ray micro-fluorescence imaging, including its distribution over the hair section, the existence of one or several binding-types and its variation between people, is presented. The existence of two different calcium types is inferred. The first one corresponds to atoms (or ions)(More)
The microstructure and composition of two mollusc shells were investigated using a combination of light microscopy, SEM, EPMA, and XANES. The shells of Pinna and Pinctada are composed of calcite prisms separated by organic walls. The prismatic units of Pinna are monocrystalline, and those of Pinctada are polycrystalline with internal organic radial(More)
In marine-archaeological oak timbers of the Mary Rose large amounts of reduced sulfur compounds abound in lignin-rich parts such as the middle lamella between the cell walls, mostly as thiols and disulfides, whereas iron sulfides and elemental sulfur occur in separate particles. Synchrotron-based x-ray microspectroscopy was used to reveal this(More)