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In Escherichia coli many enzymes including MurG are directly involved in the synthesis and assembly of peptidoglycan. MurG is an essential glycosyltransferase catalysing the last intracellular step of peptidoglycan synthesis. To elucidate its role during elongation and division events, localization of MurG using immunofluorescence microscopy was performed.(More)
The MraY translocase catalyzes the first membrane step of bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan synthesis (i.e. the transfer of the phospho-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide motif onto the undecaprenyl phosphate carrier lipid), a reversible reaction yielding undecaprenylpyrophosphoryl-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide (lipid intermediate I). This essential integral(More)
α-Dihydroheptaprenyl-pyrophosphoryl-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-Ala-γ-D-Glu-meso-diaminopimeloyl(N ∈-dansyl)-D-Ala-D-Ala (1), an analogue of lipid I of peptidoglycan biosynthesis, was synthesized from natural UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide in three steps. Compound1 was shown to be a substrate for the MurG transferase fromEscherichia coli, even in the absence of(More)
To evaluate their role in the active site of the MurG enzyme from Escherichia coli, 13 residues conserved in the sequences of 73 MurG orthologues were submitted to site-directed mutagenesis. All these residues lay within, or close to, the active site of MurG as defined by its tridimensional structure [Ha et al., Prot. Sci. 9 (2000) 1045-1052, and Hu et al.,(More)
Lipids II found in some Gram-positive bacteria were prepared in radioactive form from l-lysine-containing UDP-MurNAc-pentapeptide. The specific lateral chains of Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium and Staphylococcus aureus (di-L-alanine, D-isoasparagine, and pentaglycine, respectively) were introduced by chemical peptide synthesis using the Fmoc(More)
New inhibitors of the bacterial transferase MraY are described. Their structure is based on an aminoribosyl-O-uridine like scaffold, readily obtained in two key steps. The amino group can be coupled with proline or guanylated. Alternatively, these amino, prolinyl or guanidinyl groups can be introduced through a triazole linker. Biological evaluation of(More)
Many species of gram-positive bacteria produce branched peptidoglycan precursors resulting from the transfer of various L-amino acids or glycine from amino acyl-tRNA to the epsilon-amino group of L-lysine. The UDP-MurNAc-pentapeptide:L-alanine ligase and alanyl-tRNA synthetase genes from Enterococcus faecalis were identified, cloned, and overexpressed in(More)
Plasmids for the high-level overproduction of wild-type, and C- and N-terminal His-tagged MurG N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase from Escherichia coli were constructed. In complementation tests the three forms were active in vivo. After IPTG induction, growth, spheroplast formation and lysis, overproduced MurG proteins were mainly present (90%) in the(More)
The MraY transferase catalyzes the first membrane step of bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan biosynthesis, namely the transfer of the N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide moiety of the cytoplasmic precursor UDP-MurNAc-pentapeptide to the membrane transporter undecaprenyl phosphate (C55P), yielding C55-PP-MurNAc-pentapeptide (lipid I). A paralogue of MraY, WecA,(More)
Stable analogs of bacterial transferase MraY substrate or product with a pyrophosphate surrogate in their structure are described. β-ketophosphonates were designed as pyrophosphate bioisosteres and were investigated as UDP-GlcNAc mimics. The developed strategy allows introduction of structural diversity at a late stage of the synthesis. The biological(More)