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We show here that tubulin is the major in vivo substrate of the tyrosine-specific protein kinase pp60c-src in nerve growth cone membranes. Phosphotyrosine antibodies were used to demonstrate phosphotyrosyl residues in a subpopulation of alpha- and beta-tubulin that was highly enriched in a subcellular fraction of growth cone membranes from fetal rat brain.(More)
Ubiquitin has emerged as an important regulator of protein stability and function in organisms ranging from yeast to mammals. The ability to detect in situ changes in protein ubiquitination without perturbing the physiological environment of cells would be a major step forward in understanding the ubiquitination process and its consequences. Here, we(More)
Differentiating rat neurons express high levels of the protooncogene product pp60c-src, a 60-kDa tyrosine kinase of unknown function encoded by c-src. pp60c-src was found to be concentrated at least 9-fold in membranes from a subcellular fraction of nerve growth cones, the motile tips of outgrowing neuronal processes. Indirect immunofluorescence staining of(More)
BACKGROUND C2H2 zinc finger genes (C2H2-ZNF) constitute the largest class of transcription factors in humans and one of the largest gene families in mammals. Often arranged in clusters in the genome, these genes are thought to have undergone a massive expansion in vertebrates, primarily by tandem duplication. However, this view is based on limited datasets(More)
The tumor suppressor promyelocytic leukemia (PML) protein is fused to the retinoic acid receptor alpha in patients suffering from acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Treatment of APL patients with arsenic trioxide (As2O3) reverses the disease phenotype by a process involving the degradation of the fusion protein via its PML moiety. Several PML isoforms are(More)
PML, the organizer of nuclear bodies (NBs), is expressed in several isoforms designated PMLI to VII which differ in their C-terminal region due to alternative splicing of a single gene. This variability is important for the function of the different PML isoforms. PML NB formation requires the covalent linkage of SUMO to PML. Arsenic trioxide (As₂O₃)(More)
Proteins phosphorylated at tyrosine residues in the developing rat brain have been identified with a focus on the nerve growth cone and synaptic terminal. Endogenous protein phosphorylation in membranes from a subcellular growth cone fraction of fetal rat brain revealed prominent 55-60 kD phosphotyrosine-containing proteins. Proteins of similar size were(More)
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