Muriel Aubry

Learn More
C2H2 zinc finger genes (C2H2-ZNF) constitute the largest class of transcription factors in humans and one of the largest gene families in mammals. Often arranged in clusters in the genome, these genes are thought to have undergone a massive expansion in vertebrates, primarily by tandem duplication. However, this view is based on limited datasets restricted(More)
Ubiquitin has emerged as an important regulator of protein stability and function in organisms ranging from yeast to mammals. The ability to detect in situ changes in protein ubiquitination without perturbing the physiological environment of cells would be a major step forward in understanding the ubiquitination process and its consequences. Here, we(More)
SUMO conjugation has emerged as a dynamic process in regulating protein function. Here we identify estrogen receptor β (ERβ) to be a new target of SUMO-1. ERβ SUMO-1 modification occurs on a unique nonconsensus sumoylation motif which becomes fully competent upon phosphorylation of its contained serine residue, which provides the essential negative charge(More)
The tumor suppressor promyelocytic leukemia (PML) protein is fused to the retinoic acid receptor alpha in patients suffering from acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Treatment of APL patients with arsenic trioxide (As2O3) reverses the disease phenotype by a process involving the degradation of the fusion protein via its PML moiety. Several PML isoforms are(More)
Transcriptional intermediary factor 1 (TIF1) alpha and KAP-1/TIF1beta, two members of the TIF1 family of nuclear cofactors, are ubiquitous co-regulators of nuclear receptors and KRAB motif-containing zinc finger transcription factors, respectively. Despite the functional evidence suggesting a role for TIF1 proteins as modulators of transcription, the study(More)
Small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) has emerged as a key post-translational modulator of protein functions. Here we show that TIF1beta, a developmental regulator proposed to act as a universal co-repressor for the large family of KRAB domain-containing zinc finger proteins, is a heavily SUMO-modified substrate. A combined analysis of deletion and(More)
PML, the organizer of nuclear bodies (NBs), is expressed in several isoforms designated PMLI to VII which differ in their C-terminal region due to alternative splicing of a single gene. This variability is important for the function of the different PML isoforms. PML NB formation requires the covalent linkage of SUMO to PML. Arsenic trioxide (As₂O₃)(More)
We have previously shown that ZNF74, a candidate gene for DiGeorge syndrome, encodes a developmentally expressed zinc finger gene of the Kruppel-associated box (KRAB) multifinger subfamily. Using RACE, RT-PCR, and primer extension on human fetal brain and heart mRNAs, we here demonstrate the existence of six mRNA variants resulting from alternative promoter(More)
Promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) is a tumor suppressor acting as the organizer of subnuclear structures called PML nuclear bodies (NBs). Both covalent modification of PML by the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) and non-covalent binding of SUMO to the PML SUMO binding domain (SBD) are necessary for PML NB formation and maturation. PML sumoylation and(More)
We have determined the parental origin of the deleted chromosome 22 in 29 cases of DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) using a CA-repeat mapping within the commonly deleted region, and in one other case by using a chromosome 22 short arm heteromorphism. The CA-repeat was informative in 21 out of 29 families studied and the deleted chromosome was of maternal origin in(More)