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This paper argues that openness to new, unconventional and disruptive ideas has a …rst-order impact on creative innovations— innovations that break new ground in terms of knowledge creation. After presenting a motivating model focusing on the choice between incremental and radical innovation, and on how managers of di¤erent ages and human capital are sorted(More)
Although several operational codes are available for the prediction of plume dynamics of Hall thrusters and their interactions with spacecraft surfaces, their coverage of the range of physical phenomena involved and their ability to model complex geometries and material combinations has tended to be fairly restricted. We have initiated the development of a(More)
Anahtar sözcükler: Gelir eşitsizliği; bölgesel perspektif. This paper investigates income inequality in Turkey from a regional perspective using the Turkish Institute of Statistics' Household Expenditure and Income Surveys conducted in 1994 and 2003. The average, median and standard deviation of income along Gini coefficients are calculated at the regional(More)
Hall thrusters and other types of electric propulsion have become a tempting alternative to traditional chemical propulsion systems due to the high specific impulses they provide at relatively high efficiencies. Unlike conventional chemical propulsion systems, electric propulsion devices do not rely on the internal energy stored within their propellant.(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t An in-house code is developed to simulate the inductively coupled plasma (ICP). The model comprises the fluid, electromagnetic and transformer submodels. Fluid equations are solved to evaluate the plasma flow parameters, including the plasma and neutral densities, ion and neutral velocities, electron flux, electron(More)
A new class of aminocyclitol derivatives with the bicyclo[4.2.0]octane skeleton was synthesized starting from cyclooctatetraene. Photooxygenation of trans-7,8-diacetoxy- and cis-7,8-dichlorobicyclo[4.2.0]octa-2,4-diene afforded the bicyclic endoperoxides. Reduction of the latter with thiourea followed by a Pd(0) catalyzed ionization/cyclization reaction(More)
We review the ngerprinting scheme by Tardos and show that it has a much better performance than suggested by the proofs in Tardos' original paper. In particular, the length of the codewords can be signiicantly reduced. First we generalize the proofs of the false positive and false negative error probabilities with the following modiications: (1) we replace(More)
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