Muralidhar Kulkarni

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The Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) radar concept exploits the independence between signals at the array elements unlike beamforming which presumes a high correlation between signals either transmitted or received by an array. Radar Cross Section (RCS) of a complex target varies with both transmitted frequency and target geometry. By widely separating(More)
In this paper, we present a region growing technique for color image segmentation. Conventional image segmentation techniques using region growing requires initial seeds selection, which increases computational cost & execution time. To overcome this problem, a single seeded region growing technique for image segmentation is proposed, which starts(More)
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have become one of the emerging trends of the modern communication systems. Routing plays a vital role in the design of a WSNs as normal IP based routing will not suffice. Design issues for a routing protocol involve various key parameters like energy awareness, security, QoS requirement etc. Energy awareness is one of the(More)
This paper compares the performance of hard and soft-decision turbo coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing systems with Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) and 16-Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (16-QAM). The results show that the soft-decision method greatly outperforms the hard-decision method. Using simplified algorithm for the soft-output(More)
Future Free Space Optical (FSO) communication systems have the potential of communicating data at very high rates with very high levels of integrity over distances of up to a few kilometers (for terrestrial links). This technology has also been a candidate for setting up very high speed (~3 Gbps) and highly reliable (BER ~10<sup>-9</sup>) communication(More)
Carrier frequency offset (CFO) in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing systems results in heavy degradation to the system performance. Pulse shaping and Maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) are two of the several techniques available in the literature for reducing the undesired effects caused by CFO using inter carrier interference (ICI) cancellation(More)
This paper proposes a novel turbo decoding scheme for additive white class A noise (AWAN) channel. It compares the performance of turbo coded systems with Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) and 16-Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (16-QAM) on AWAN channel with two different channel values-one computed as per additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel(More)