Murali Gopalakrishnan

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(-)-Nicotine, the prototypical agonist for neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) has been shown to bind with high affinity to the rodent and avian alpha 4 beta 2 nAChR subtype. This subtype may represent a primary molecular target for some of the beneficial central nervous system effects i.e., cognitive enhancement, anxiolysis, analgesia,(More)
Selective modulation of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) is thought to regulate processes impaired in schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, and other dementias. One approach to target alpha7 nAChRs is by positive allosteric modulation. Structurally diverse compounds, including PNU-120596,(More)
Potassium channels play important roles in vital cellular signaling processes in both excitable and nonexcitable cells. Over 50 human genes encoding various K(+) channels have been cloned during the past decade, and precise biophysical properties, subunit stoichiometry, channel assembly, and modulation by second messenger and ligands have been elucidated to(More)
Selective modulation of 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) is thought to regulate processes impaired in schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease, and other dementias. One approach to target 7 nAChRs is by positive allosteric modulation. Structurally diverse compounds, including PNU120596,(More)
The alpha 7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtype forms a Ca(2+)-permeable homooligomeric ion channel sensitive to alpha-bungarotoxin in Xenopus oocytes. In this study, we have stably and functionally expressed the human alpha 7 cDNA in a mammalian cell line, HEK-293 and examined its pharmacologic properties. [125I] alpha-Bungarotoxin bound to(More)
The cloning and expression of genes encoding for the human neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) has opened new possibilities for investigating their physiological and pharmacological properties. Cells (HEK 293) stably transfected with two of the major brain subunits, alpha4 and beta2, were characterized electrophysiologically using the(More)
Augmentation of nicotinic alpha7 receptor function is considered to be a potential therapeutic strategy aimed at ameliorating cognitive and mnemonic dysfunction in relation to debilitating pathological conditions, such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. In the present report, a novel positive allosteric modulator of the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine(More)
ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels play an important role in the regulation of smooth muscle membrane potential. To investigate the properties of KATP channels in guinea pig urinary bladder smooth muscle cells, fluorescence-based assays were carried out with the membrane potential-sensitive probe bis-(1,3-dibutylbarbituric acid)trimethine oxonol [DiBAC4(3)].(More)
A hallmark for unstable bladder contractions is hyperexcitability and changes in the nature of spontaneous phasic activity of the bladder smooth muscle. In this study, we have characterized the spontaneous activity of the urinary bladder smooth muscle from the pig, a widely used model for studying human bladder function. Our studies demonstrate that phasic(More)
The alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) plays an important role in cognitive processes and has generated recent interest as a potential drug target for treating neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). The property of Ca(2+) permeation associated with alpha7 nAChR agonism may lead to Ca(2+)-dependent intracellular signaling(More)