Munro Peacock

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BACKGROUND Vitamin D is crucial for maintenance of musculoskeletal health, and might also have a role in extraskeletal tissues. Determinants of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations include sun exposure and diet, but high heritability suggests that genetic factors could also play a part. We aimed to identify common genetic variants affecting(More)
Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (J.P.B., S.J.S.), New York, New York 10032; Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School (J.T.P., R.N.), Boston, Massachusetts 02114; American University of Beirut Medical Center (G.E.-H.F.), Beirut, Lebanon; Department of Medicine, Wayne State(More)
BACKGROUND Increased dietary intake of calcium during childhood, usually as calcium in milk, is associated with increased bone mass in adulthood; the increase in mass is important in modifying the later risk of fracture. Whether the increase is due to the calcium content of milk, however, is not certain. METHODS We conducted a three-year, double-blind,(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a 5-year, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study to determine whether salmon calcitonin nasal spray reduced the risk of new vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A total of 1,255 postmenopausal women with established osteoporosis were randomly assigned to receive salmon(More)
Calcimimetics increase the sensitivity of parathyroid calcium-sensing receptors to extracellular calcium, thereby reducing PTH secretion. This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study assessed the ability of the oral calcimimetic cinacalcet HCl to achieve long-term reductions in serum calcium and PTH concentrations in patients with(More)
Although bone loss around the time of menopause is driven by estrogen deficiency, the roles of estrogens and androgens in the preservation of skeletal mass at other stages of life are less well understood. To address this issue we studied 231 women between the ages of 32 and 77 with multiple measurements of sex steroids and bone mass over a period of 2-8(More)
Bone density predicts the risk of hip fracture. Because hip strength is determined by bone geometry and architecture as well as density, we tested which variables in geometry and architecture were independent discriminators of hip fracture and, if combined with density, improved the discrimination of fracture from non-fracture over bone density alone. The(More)
An algorithm was developed to estimate the strength of the femoral neck from data generated by the dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). This algorithm considers shape of the proximal femur as well as cross-sectional moment of inertia (CSMI) in the estimate. Proximal femora (10) from cadavers of white adults and an aluminum step wedge were scanned with(More)
A major determinant of the risk for osteoporosis is peak bone mineral density (BMD), which is largely determined by genetic factors. We recently reported linkage of peak BMD in a large sample of healthy sister pairs to chromosome 11q12-13. To identify additional loci underlying normal variations in peak BMD, we conducted an autosomal genome screen in 429(More)
Vanilloid receptors (VR1) were cloned from human and rat dorsal root ganglion libraries and expressed in Xenopus oocytes or Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells. Both rat and human VR1 formed ligand gated channels that were activated by capsaicin with similar EC(50) values. Capsaicin had a lower potency on both channels, when measured electrophysiologically in(More)