Munir Akkaya

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The CD200 receptor (CD200R) is present mainly on myeloid cells and gives inhibitory signals when engaged by its ligand CD200. The interaction is currently of therapeutic interest in cancer and inflammation. However functional effects are complicated by the fact that CD200R is itself polymorphic and also a member of a paired receptor family with four closely(More)
Paired receptors are families of membrane proteins characterized by similar extracellular regions but different transmembrane and cytoplasmic regions, meaning that some members can give inhibitory signals and others activating signals. Well-characterized examples include the KIR, SIRP, Ly49, Nkpr, and Siglec families. The difference in the repertoire of(More)
The most deadly complication of Plasmodium falciparum infection is cerebral malaria (CM) with a case fatality rate of 15-25% in African children despite effective antimalarial chemotherapy. There are no adjunctive treatments for CM, so there is an urgent need to identify new targets for therapy. Here we show that the glutamine analog(More)
UNLABELLED Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasites of several Plasmodium spp. Cerebral malaria (CM) is a common form of severe malaria resulting in nearly 700,000 deaths each year in Africa alone. At present, there is no adjunctive therapy for CM. Although the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of CM are incompletely understood, it is(More)
CD200 is a widely distributed membrane protein that gives inhibitory signals through its receptor (CD200R) on myeloid cells. CD200 has been acquired by herpesviruses where it has been shown to interact with host CD200R and downmodulate the immune system. It has been hypothesized that poxviruses have acquired CD200; but the potential orthologues show less(More)
Lymphocytes respond to a variety of stimuli by activating intracellular signaling pathways, which in turn leads to rapid cellular proliferation, migration and differentiation, and cytokine production. All of these events are tightly linked to the energy status of the cell, and therefore studying the energy-producing pathways may give clues about the overall(More)
Plasmodium falciparum malaria is a deadly infectious disease in which Abs play a critical role in naturally acquired immunity. However, the specificity and nature of Abs elicited in response to malaria are only partially understood. Autoreactivity and polyreactivity are common features of Ab responses in several infections and were suggested to contribute(More)
B cells express the innate receptor, TLR9, which signals in response to unmethylated CpG sequences in microbial DNA. Of the two major classes of CpG-containing oligonucleotides, CpG-A appears restricted to inducing type 1 IFN in innate immune cells and CpG-B to activating B cells to proliferate and produce Abs and inflammatory cytokines. Although CpGs are(More)
Ex-vivo differentiation of regulatory T cells (Tregs) from naïve CD4+ T-cells has been widely used in immunological research. Isolation of a highly pure naïve T cell population is the key factor that determines the efficiency of subsequent Treg differentiation. Currently, this step relies mostly on FACS sorting, which is often costly, time consuming, and(More)