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The acoustic environments in hospitals, particularly in intensive care units (ICUs), are characterized by frequent high-level sound events which may negatively affect patient outcome. Many studies performed acoustic surveys, but the measurement protocol was not always reported in detail, and the scope of analysis was limited by the selected mode of sound(More)
Among a few previous attempts to model the outstanding echolocation capability of bats, the work by Saillant et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94, 2691-2712 (1993)] is, arguably, one of the most frequently referenced studies in which the predictions of spectrogram correlation and transformation (SCAT) model were compared to the results of relevant behavioral(More)
We read with interest the recent issue of Critical Care in which Darbyshire and Young [1] reported on noise levels in five different ICUs and demonstrated average sound pressure levels far above the World Health Organization recommended standard of 35 dB L Aeq (A-weighted energy-equivalent sound pressure level in decibels). Although their article provides(More)
The irrelevant speech effect was investigated in this study where the serial-recall task was performed under six different conditions: Silence, speech-only, noise-only, speech masked by a stationary noise at two different signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), and speech masked by an adaptive noise. Measured in five test blocks distributed throughout the four test(More)
BACKGROUND Noise levels in hospitals, especially in intensive care units (ICUs) are known to be high, potentially affecting not only the patients' well-being but also their clinical outcomes. In an observational study, we made a long-term measurement of noise levels in an ICU, and investigated the influence of various factors on the noise level, including(More)
  • Munhum Park
  • 2013
In contrast to common expectations, the noise levels measured in hospital wards are known to be high with little day-night variation, potentially having negative effects on the patient outcomes and the work performance of the staff members, and considerable research attention has been drawn to such adverse acoustic conditions in healthcare environments.(More)
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