Muneyuki Sakata

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INTRODUCTION Glycine transporter 1 (GlyT-1) is an attractive target in positron emission tomography (PET) studies. Here, we report the in vivo evaluation of three carbon-11-labelled non-sarcosine-type GlyT-1 inhibitors--[(11)C]SA1, [(11)C]SA2 and [(11)C]SA3--as novel PET tracers for GlyT-1. METHODS The regional brain distributions of the three compounds(More)
The Positron Medical Center has developed a large number of radiopharmaceuticals and 36 radiopharmaceuticals have been approved for clinical use for studying aging and geriatric diseases, especially brain functions. Positron emission tomography (PET) has been used to provide a highly advanced PET-based diagnosis. The current status of the development of(More)
BACKGROUND Sigma-1 receptors might be implicated in the pathophysiology of psychiatric diseases, as well as in the mechanisms of action of some selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Among the several SSRIs, fluvoxamine has the highest affinity for sigma-1 receptors (Ki = 36 nM), whereas paroxetine shows low affinity (Ki = 1893 nM). The present(More)
OBJECTIVE 4-[(11)C]methylphenyl 2,5-diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane-2-carboxylate ([(11)C]CHIBA-1001), a 4-methyl-substituted derivative of the selective alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR) partial agonist 4-bromophenyl 1,4 diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane-4-carboxylate (SSR180711), is a potential radioligand for mapping alpha7 nAChRs in the brain by(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the whole-body biodistributions and radiation dosimetry of five (11)C-labeled and one (18)F-labeled radiotracers in human subjects, and compared the results to those obtained from murine biodistribution studies. METHODS The radiotracers investigated were (11)C-SA4503, (11)C-MPDX, (11)C-TMSX, (11)C-CHIBA-1001, (11)C-4DST, and(More)
Adenosine A(2A) receptors (A2ARs) are thought to interact negatively with the dopamine D(2) receptor (D2R), so selective A2AR antagonists have attracted attention as novel treatments for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, no information about the receptor in living patients with PD is available. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship(More)
UNLABELLED Recently, we developed [methyl-(11)C]4'-thiothymidine ((11)C-4DST) as an in vivo cell proliferation marker. The present study was performed to determine the safety, distribution, radiation dosimetry, and initial brain tumor imaging of (11)C-4DST in humans. METHODS Multiorgan biodistribution and radiation dosimetry of (11)C-4DST were assessed in(More)
The objective of this study was to establish the kinetic analysis for mapping sigma(1) receptors (sigma1Rs) in the human brain by positron emission tomography (PET) with [(11)C]SA4503. The sigma1Rs are considered to be involved in various neurological and psychiatric diseases. [(11)C]SA4503 is a recently developed radioligand with high and selective(More)
We investigated feasibility of positron emission tomography (PET) with [11C]SA4503 for evaluating the sigma1 receptor occupancy rate by neuroleptics. Haloperidol, which is well known to bind dopamine D2-like receptor (D2R) as well as to be a representative non-selective antagonist for sigma1 receptor (sigma1R), was selected as a model drug. Three healthy(More)
INTRODUCTION Carbon-11-labeled 1-[2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethyl]-4-(3-phenylpropyl)piperazine ([(11)C]SA4503) was shown to be a promising PET ligand for mapping σ(1) receptors, and was applied to human subjects. However, an in vitro study indicated that SA4503 also binds to the emopamil binding protein (EBP), vertebral Δ8-Δ7 sterol isomerase. To our(More)