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BACKGROUND Sigma-1 receptors might be implicated in the pathophysiology of psychiatric diseases, as well as in the mechanisms of action of some selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Among the several SSRIs, fluvoxamine has the highest affinity for sigma-1 receptors (Ki = 36 nM), whereas paroxetine shows low affinity (Ki = 1893 nM). The present(More)
UNLABELLED Recently, we developed [methyl-(11)C]4'-thiothymidine ((11)C-4DST) as an in vivo cell proliferation marker. The present study was performed to determine the safety, distribution, radiation dosimetry, and initial brain tumor imaging of (11)C-4DST in humans. METHODS Multiorgan biodistribution and radiation dosimetry of (11)C-4DST were assessed in(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the whole-body biodistributions and radiation dosimetry of five (11)C-labeled and one (18)F-labeled radiotracers in human subjects, and compared the results to those obtained from murine biodistribution studies. METHODS The radiotracers investigated were (11)C-SA4503, (11)C-MPDX, (11)C-TMSX, (11)C-CHIBA-1001, (11)C-4DST, and(More)
INTRODUCTION Preclinical studies and first positron emission tomography (PET) imaging studies were performed using N-[4-[6-(isopropylamino)pyrimidin-4-yl]-1,3-thiazol-2-yl]-4-[(11)C]methoxy-N-methylbenzamide ([(11)C]ITMM) to map metabotropic glutamate receptor type 1 (mGluR1) in the human brain. METHODS [(11)C]ITMM was synthesized by O-methylation of the(More)
OBJECTIVE 4-[(11)C]methylphenyl 2,5-diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane-2-carboxylate ([(11)C]CHIBA-1001), a 4-methyl-substituted derivative of the selective alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR) partial agonist 4-bromophenyl 1,4 diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane-4-carboxylate (SSR180711), is a potential radioligand for mapping alpha7 nAChRs in the brain by(More)
UNLABELLED N-[4-[6-(isopropylamino)pyrimidin-4-yl]-1,3-thiazol-2-yl]-4-(11)C-methoxy-N-methylbenzamide ((11)C-ITMM) is a potential radioligand for mapping metabotropic glutamate receptor type 1 (mGluR1) in the brain by PET. The present study was performed to determine the safety, distribution, radiation dosimetry, and initial brain imaging of (11)C-ITMM in(More)
The acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor donepezil is also a sigma1 receptor agonist. We examined whether donepezil binds to sigma1 receptors in the living human brain after a single oral administration. Dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) data acquisition using the selective sigma1 receptor ligand [11C]SA4503 was performed to evaluate(More)
INTRODUCTION Longitudinal changes of 4'-[methyl-(11)C]thiothymidine ([(11)C]4DST) uptake were evaluated in turpentine-induced inflammation. METHODS Turpentine (0.1 ml) was injected intramuscularly into the right hind leg of male Wistar rats. Longitudinal [(11)C]4DST uptake was evaluated by the tissue dissection method at 1, 2, 4, 7, and 14 days after(More)
Adenosine A(2A) receptors (A2ARs) are thought to interact negatively with the dopamine D(2) receptor (D2R), so selective A2AR antagonists have attracted attention as novel treatments for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, no information about the receptor in living patients with PD is available. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship(More)
INTRODUCTION 4-[(11)C]Methylphenyl 2,4-diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane-2-carboxylate ([(11)C]CHIBA-1001) is a newly developed positron emission tomography (PET) ligand for mapping α(7) nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. We investigated whole-body biodistribution and radiation dosimetry of [(11)C]CHIBA-1001 in humans and compared the results with those obtained in(More)