Muneki Miura

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OBJECTIVE Leukocyte adhesion in retinal microvasuculature substantially contributes to diabetic retinopathy. Involvement of the Rho/Rho kinase (ROCK) pathway in diabetic microvasculopathy and therapeutic potential of fasudil, a selective ROCK inhibitor, are investigated. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Localization of RhoA/ROCK and Rho activity were examined(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite tremendous progress in vitreoretinal surgery, certain postsurgical complications limit the success in the treatment of proliferative vitreoretinal diseases (PVDs), such as proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). One of the most significant complications is the cicatricial contraction of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the functional properties and intracellular signaling of hyalocytes under platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-rich conditions. METHODS The hyalocytes were isolated from bovine eyes and identified by immunocytochemistry and electron microscope. The expression of PDGF receptor alpha/beta and its phosphorylation in response to(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the intracellular events in retinal glial cells exposed to indocyanine green (ICG) and brilliant blue G (BBG). METHODS The human Müller cell line MIO-M1 was exposed to a low dose (0.25 mg/mL) and a clinical dose (2.5 mg/mL) of ICG and a clinical dose (0.25 mg/mL) of BBG for 15 minutes, respectively. To quantify the proliferation and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the involvement of the Rho-kinase pathway in collagen gel contraction by hyalocytes. METHODS An in vitro type I collagen gel contraction assay using cultured bovine hyalocytes was performed to evaluate the effect of PDGF-BB and TGF-beta2. The effect of both cytokines on the phosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC) was analyzed by(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the possibility of using polylactic acid (PLA) as a surgical adjuvant for visualizing the vitreous body during vitrectomy. METHODS After a core vitrectomy, 1 mL of PLA suspension was injected into the rabbit vitreous in two groups: group A, 2.5% PLA (n = 5), and group B, 1% PLA (n = 9). Vehicle injection instead of PLA was used as a(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Tumour necrosis factor-α (TNFα) is an inflammatory cytokine that is upregulated in various vitreoretinal diseases including uveitis and diabetic retinopathy. Recently, our studies have indicated that hyalocytes contribute to the pathogenesis of these diseases. However, the impact of TNFα on the functional properties of hyalocytes is unknown.(More)
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