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Cicatricial contraction of preretinal fibrous membrane is a cause of severe vision loss in proliferative vitreoretinal diseases such as proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). TGF-beta is overexpressed in the vitreous of patients with proliferative vitreoretinal diseases and is also detectable in the contractile(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effects of intravitreal brilliant blue G (BBG) on the morphology and functions of the retina and its possible use for staining and peeling of the internal limiting membrane (ILM). METHODS Rat eyes (n = 78) underwent gas compression vitrectomy. BBG solution was then injected into the vitreous cavity. The eyes were enucleated at 2(More)
AIM Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is one of the major inflammatory cytokines involved in the pathogenesis of various vitreoretinal diseases. The authors investigated the effect of hypoxia, TNF-alpha and dexamethasone on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression by cultured hyalocytes. METHODS Hyalocytes were isolated from bovine(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the intracellular events in retinal glial cells exposed to indocyanine green (ICG) and brilliant blue G (BBG). METHODS The human Müller cell line MIO-M1 was exposed to a low dose (0.25 mg/mL) and a clinical dose (2.5 mg/mL) of ICG and a clinical dose (0.25 mg/mL) of BBG for 15 minutes, respectively. To quantify the proliferation and(More)
OBJECTIVE Leukocyte adhesion in retinal microvasuculature substantially contributes to diabetic retinopathy. Involvement of the Rho/Rho kinase (ROCK) pathway in diabetic microvasculopathy and therapeutic potential of fasudil, a selective ROCK inhibitor, are investigated. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Localization of RhoA/ROCK and Rho activity were examined(More)
The critical association of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), which is thought to be one of the downstream mediators of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), with vitreoretinal diseases remains to be clarified. In the current study, we first demonstrated the correlation between the concentrations of TGF-beta2 as well as CTGF in the vitreous and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the involvement of the Rho-kinase pathway in collagen gel contraction by hyalocytes. METHODS An in vitro type I collagen gel contraction assay using cultured bovine hyalocytes was performed to evaluate the effect of PDGF-BB and TGF-beta2. The effect of both cytokines on the phosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC) was analyzed by(More)
Retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPEs) are thought to be one of the main components of fibrous membrane observed in eyes with proliferative vitreo-retinopathy. We investigated the signalling mechanisms of TGF-beta2-dependent collagen gel contraction by RPEs. An in vitro type I collagen gel contraction assay was performed to evaluate the effect of TGF-beta2(More)
Dexamethasone, a synthetic corticosteroid, is widely used as a potent anti-inflammatory drug in various diseases including corneal angiogenesis. However, dexamethasone's impact on interleukin (IL)-1beta-dependent inflammatory angiogenesis is unknown. Here, we show that dexamethasone inhibits IL-1beta-induced neovascularization and the expression of the(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a pivotal role in pathological angiogenesis. In this study, we addressed the therapeutic potential of fasudil, a potent Rho-kinase inhibitor, for VEGF-elicited angiogenesis and also for the intracellular signalings induced by VEGF. METHODS In vitro, the inhibitory effects of fasudil on the(More)