Munehisa Ueno

Learn More
BACKGROUND Few studies have discussed the prognostic impact of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the perioperative level of CRP provides additional prognostic information following radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A total of 564 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Artificial neural network (ANN)-based bone scan index (BSI), a marker of the amount of bone metastasis, has been shown to enhance diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility but is potentially affected by training databases. The aims of this study were to revise the software using a large number of Japanese databases and to validate its diagnostic(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to find the prognostic factors predicting overall survival (OS) in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) who had docetaxel (DTX) chemotherapy, and to construct a model predicting the optimum number of cycles of DTX. METHODS A total of 279 CRPC patients who received DTX (≥50 mg/m(2)) every 3-4 weeks were studied(More)
OBJECTIVE CPT-11 is one of the most widely used camptothecin analogues and is converted to form the active metabolite SN-38. Clinical trials are ongoing to better characterize its spectra of clinical activity, to determine the optimal schedules of administration, and to define the usage in combination with other chemotherapeutic compounds. MATERIALS AND(More)
We investigated the mechanism of the anti-fibrotic effects of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in the kidney, with respect to its effect on connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), a down-stream, profibrotic mediator of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1). In wild-type (WT) mice with 5/6 nephrectomy (Nx), HGF and TGF-beta1 mRNAs increased transiently(More)
A patient with renal cell carcinoma who developed humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy is reported. A 52-year-old male patient was diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma and multiple lung metastases. A cell line isolated from the surgical specimen exhibited continuous production of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) in vitro. The production of PTHrP(More)
BACKGROUND Typical symptoms and signs of a clinical condition may be absent in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. CASE PRESENTATION A male with paraplegia was passing urine through penile sheath for 35 years, when he developed urinary infections. There was no history of haematuria. Intravenous urography showed bilateral hydronephrosis. The significance of(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is a systemic disorder that primary affects the kidney which is characterized by the formation of fluid-filled cysts in both kidneys that leads to progressive renal failure. Mutated genes, polycystin-1 and polycystin-2, are identified, and evidence has emerged that polycystins are ion channels or regulators of(More)
In mammals, the circadian rhythm central generator consists of interactions among clock genes, including Per1/2/3, Cry1/2, Bmal1, and Clock. Circadian rhythm disruption may lead to increased risk of cancer in humans, and deregulation of clock genes has been implicated in many types of cancers. Among these genes, Per2 is reported to have tumor suppressor(More)
BACKGROUND Photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) following transurethral administration of a hexalated form of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), 5-ALA hexyl ester, is widely performed in Western countries. In this study, effectiveness and safety of the oral administration of 5-ALA is assessed in a phase II/III study of PDD(More)