Munehiro Yoshino

Learn More
Efavirenz (EFV) is metabolized by cytochrome P450 2B6 (CYP2B6) in the liver. We analyzed the genotypes of CYP2B6 and their contribution to plasma EFV concentrations in 35 EFV-treated patients in International Medical Center of Japan. The mean plasma EFV concentration of patients with CYP2B6 *6/*6 (Q172H and K262R) (25.4+/-7.5 microM, +/-SD, n = 2) was(More)
BACKGROUND Efavirenz (EFV) is metabolized primarily by cytochrome P450 2B6 (CYP2B6), and high plasma concentrations of the drug are associated with a G-->T polymorphism at position 516 (516G-->T) of CYP2B6 and frequent central nervous system (CNS)-related side effects. Here, we tested the feasibility of genotype-based dose reduction of EFV. METHODS CYP2B6(More)
Impaired renal function caused by tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is considered reversible by discontinuing TDF administration, but there are occasional cases of incomplete recovery. We investigated the recovery of renal function after the discontinuation of TDF. Subjects comprised patients who had been started on TDF but in whom it was later(More)
An elderly woman with human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection developed short bowel syndrome as a result of extensive intestinal resection. Considering the possibility of poor absorption of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs), therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) was performed. A single-dose test of 6 ARVs (darunavir, ritonavir, lopinavir, etravirine, maraviroc, and(More)
Numbers of individuals infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) are increasing in Japan. The majority of them are Men who have sex with men and a part of them take drugs as 'Sex drug' at their sexual intercourse. Especially, Amyl nitrite, Methamphetamine, 5-methoxy-N, N-diisopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DIPT; Foxy), and 3, 4-methylenedioxy-(More)
BACKGROUND Dolutegravir (DTG) is metabolized mainly by uridine diphosphate (UDP)-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1), and partly by cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A). Therefore, we focused on UGT1A1 gene polymorphisms (*6 and *28) in Japanese individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 to examine the relationship between their plasma trough(More)
Raltegravir (RAL), an HIV integrase inhibitor, is metabolized mainly by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1). Polymorphisms in UGT1A1 may cause alterations in the pharmacodynamics of RAL, which is taken twice daily with no dietary restrictions. We compared the effect of two polymorphic alleles in this gene, UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 on plasma RAL(More)
Recently, 2 monoclonal antibodies that specifically inhibit mitochondrial creatine kinase (MtCK) activity have been developed. In this study, we measured the serum MtCK activity in HIV-1-infected individuals (n = 100) by employing a novel method using these antibodies. The mean serum MtCK activity in 44 patients treated with highly active antiretroviral(More)
Rilpivirine (TMC-278) is a second-generation non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor that is high potent against both wild-type and drug-resistant HIV-1 strains. Therefore, rilpivirine is expected to treat therapy-experienced patients who failed to use current drugs due to the emergence of drug-resistant HIV mutants. The quantification of rilpivirine(More)
  • 1