Munehide Nakatsugawa

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Recently, the SOX2 gene has been reported to be amplified in human lung squamous cell carcinomas. However, its roles in human lung adenocarcinomas are still elusive. In this study, we analyzed the functions of SOX2 in cancer stem-like cells (CSCs)/cancer-initiating cells (CICs) derived from human lung adenocarcinoma. Human lung CSCs/CICs were isolated as(More)
Ambystoma mexicanum is an intriguing animal model for studying heart development because it carries a mutation in gene c. Hearts of homozygous recessive (c/c) mutant embryos do not contain organized myofibrils and fail to beat. However, the defect can be corrected by organ-culturing the mutant heart in the presence of RNA from anterior endoderm or RNA from(More)
Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) and tumor-initiating cells (TICs) are a small population of cancer cells that share three properties: tumor initiating ability, self-renewal, and differentiation. These properties suggest that CSCs/TICs are essential for tumor maintenance, recurrence, and distant metastasis. Here, we show that cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs)(More)
This is the first report suggesting a causal relationship between acute respiratory distress syndrome and Hericium erinaceum extract, which is commercialized as a diet food. A 63-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for intensive care of severe acute respiratory failure with diffuse infiltration in both lungs. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid revealed a(More)
TCRα- and β-chains cooperatively recognize peptide-MHC complexes. It has been shown that a "chain-centric" TCR hemichain can, by itself, dictate MHC-restricted Ag specificity without requiring major contributions from the paired TCR counterchain. Little is known, however, regarding the relative contributions and roles of chain-centric and its counter,(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) play an essential role in immunological responses for tumor rejection. In the past decade, many tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) have been identified predominantly in melanomas. Several clinical trials based on such antigenic peptides with or without adjuvants brought about partially favorable results, suggesting that(More)
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing is essential to carry out HLA-class I restricted antigenic peptide-based cancer immunotherapy. To establish a one-step polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific primer (PCR-SSP) method, we designed two novel HLA-A24-specific primer sets and determined the optimal conditions for specific amplification. Then, we(More)
Identification of antigenic peptides derived from tumor-associated antigens (TAA) enables cancer vaccine therapy using antigenic peptides. Here, we summarize the design of antigenic peptides and induction of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) using antigenic peptides and validation of CTL.
Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs)/cancer-initiating cells (CICs) are reasonable targets for cancer therapy. However, recent studies have revealed that some non-CSCs/CICs have plastic ability and can dedifferentiate into CSCs/CICs. Therefore, an understanding of the molecular mechanisms that control the plasticity is essential to achieve CSC/CIC-targeting(More)
The aim of peptide vaccination therapy is to stimulate and activate peptide-specific T cells to reject tumor cells. This strategy has been promoted by the discovery of tumor-associated antigens recognized by T cells. Peptide vaccination therapy can induce immune responses in some cancer patients but the objective clinical response rates are still low. To(More)