Muneharu Yamada

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) lower serum cholesterol and decrease the incidence of stroke and cardiovascular disease. There is growing evidence that statins exert some of their beneficial effects independent of cholesterol lowering. Indeed, we have previously demonstrated that(More)
The deposition of amyloid Abeta peptide in the wall of cerebral vessels (cerebral amyloid angiopathy), can lead to weakness and rupture of the vessel wall, resulting in hemorrhagic stroke. The Tg2576 transgenic mouse line, overexpressing mutant amyloid precursor protein in an age-dependent manner, forms amyloid angiopathy morphologically similar to that(More)
Fasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, may improve insulin signaling. However, its long-term effect on metabolic abnormalities and its preventive effect on diabetic nephropathy are still unknown. We assessed these effects of fasudil in insulin-resistant diabetic rats, comparing them with those of an angiotensin II receptor blocker, olmesartan. Male Otsuka(More)
Cerebral blood flow is regulated by endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO), and endothelial NO synthase-deficient (eNOS-deficient; eNOS(-/-)) mice develop larger cerebral infarctions following middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. We report that disruption of Rho-mediated endothelial actin cytoskeleton leads to the upregulation of eNOS expression and(More)
Nitric oxide, a product of nitric oxide synthase activity, relaxes vascular smooth muscle and elevates brain blood flow. We evaluated the importance of eNOS to cerebral blood flow augmentation after L-arginine infusion and increases in flow after eNOS upregulation in SV-129 mice. Blood flow was measured by laser-Doppler flowmetry before and after L-arginine(More)
Although perfusion-weighted imaging techniques are increasingly used to study stroke, no particular hemodynamic variable has emerged as a standard marker for accumulated ischemic damage. To better characterize the hemodynamic signature of infarction. the authors have assessed the severity and temporal evolution of ischemic hemodynamics in a middle cerebral(More)
The voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3 has been recently identified as a molecular target that allows the selective pharmacological suppression of effector memory T cells (T(EM)) without affecting the function of naïve T cells (T(N)) and central memory T cells (T(CM)). We found that Kv1.3 was expressed on glomeruli and some tubules in rats with(More)
Interaction between epithelial cells and mesenchymal cells is essential in normal organ morphogenesis and in tissue repair after injury. Epimorphin, a mesenchymal protein that regulates epithelial morphogenesis through epithelial–mesenchymal interactions, has recently attracted attention as an important modulator of tissue repair. In this study we analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophage infiltration in kidney is one of the most important events for the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), an anti-inflammatory agent, has been shown to suppress macrophage infiltration and to improve renal injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetic kidneys. We examined whether mizoribine, which acts through(More)
BACKGROUND Transglutaminase (Tg)-2 is shown to be related to renal fibrosis. However, its roles in human kidney disease have not been fully studied. METHODS Using immunohistochemistry, we examined Tg-2 expression in renal biopsy specimens from 22 patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and correlated the intensity of Tg-2 staining with clinical and(More)