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This study examined the possibility that children with and without a history of febrile seizures might mount different immune responses to double-stranded ribonucleic acid, which is a common viral factor that induces host cell immune responses, and is recognized by Toll-like receptor 3. The production of interleukin-1beta and interferon-alpha from(More)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has a close relationship with epilepsy. This study retrospectively examined patients with epilepsy associated with ASD. Among the 519 patients with epilepsy, 79 patients (15.2%) had ASD. Sixty-two patients had idiopathic ASD and 17 had secondary ASD. The epilepsy patients with idiopathic ASD were retrospectively analyzed.(More)
Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infections have been reported to cause neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as chorea, tics, and obsessive-compulsive disorder, presumably through autoimmune damage to basal ganglia. Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections have also been reported to cause damage to the basal ganglia. Restless legs syndrome is a movement disorder(More)
Prostaglandin H synthase (PHS) is a key enzyme in the synthesis of prostaglandins (PGs). Recently, enhanced expression of PHS-2 in brain tumors and the correlation between the PHS-2 level and the histopathological grade of glioma has been reported. Furthermore, in vitro inhibition of glioma cell growth by a specific PHS-2 inhibitor, NS398, has been(More)
About 80% of female patients with Rett syndrome (RTT) display a mutation in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene, but most males with MECP2 mutation experience severe fatal encephalopathy or non-specific X-linked mental retardation (XLMR). The existence of male RTT has been extensively discussed. We report herein a boy with classic RTT in a family(More)
The systemic symptoms associated with influenza infection are mainly attributable to cytokines. To elucidate whether the high incidence of creatine kinase elevation and febrile seizures in influenza infection could be related to cytokines, we examined the serum levels of creatine kinase and cytokines (interferon-alpha, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis(More)
An association has long been suspected between febrile seizures and interleukin-1beta, the most potent endogenous pyrogen. Interleukin-1beta production increases after double-stranded RNA stimulation in leukocytes of febrile seizure patients. To elucidate the genetics of the immune response, the gene expression pattern after double-stranded RNA stimulation(More)
We report on a 13-year-old boy with temporal lobe epilepsy associated with left hippocampal sclerosis and a contralateral arachnoid cyst in the middle cranial fossa (ACMCF). Chronic intracranial recording from subdural grid electrodes showed the left medial temporal lobe to be the ictal onset zone. After left anterior temporal lobectomy with(More)
This is the first report of a case of Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BBE) associated with IgM antibodies to GM1b and GalNAc-GD1a. Subsequent to Campylobacter jejuni enteritis, the patient rapidly developed consciousness disturbance and hyperreflexia in addition to external ophthalmoplegia and cerebellar-like ataxia. EEG showed transient 7 Hz(More)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has a close relationship with epilepsy. A previous study showed complex partial seizures (CPS) to be the most frequent type of epileptic seizures in cases of ASD. Patients with childhood-onset CPS were retrospectively studied to investigate the prevalence of ASD and to characterize the association between CPS and ASD. The(More)