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This study examined the possibility that children with and without a history of febrile seizures might mount different immune responses to double-stranded ribonucleic acid, which is a common viral factor that induces host cell immune responses, and is recognized by Toll-like receptor 3. The production of interleukin-1beta and interferon-alpha from(More)
To examine whether acute dystonia is induced by neuroleptic treatment, common marmosets were treated with haloperidol orally twice a week over 25 weeks until dystonic behavior was elicited. Movement disorders such as acute dystonia were observed 6 weeks after the initial treatment, and had appeared in all treated animals by 25 weeks. Once these movement(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Many missense mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel subunit gene SCN1A were identified in patients with generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+) and severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI), although GEFS+ is distinct from SMEI in terms of clinical symptoms, severity, prognosis, and responses to antiepileptic(More)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has a close relationship with epilepsy. This study retrospectively examined patients with epilepsy associated with ASD. Among the 519 patients with epilepsy, 79 patients (15.2%) had ASD. Sixty-two patients had idiopathic ASD and 17 had secondary ASD. The epilepsy patients with idiopathic ASD were retrospectively analyzed.(More)
To determine principal sources of eicosanoid production in glial cells, we analyzed the metabolites of arachidonic acid in cultured rat glial cells by use of reversed-phase, high-performance liquid chromatography and an on-line radioisotope detector. Prostaglandin D2, leukotriene B4, leukotriene C4, and 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid were present in(More)
About 80% of female patients with Rett syndrome (RTT) display a mutation in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene, but most males with MECP2 mutation experience severe fatal encephalopathy or non-specific X-linked mental retardation (XLMR). The existence of male RTT has been extensively discussed. We report herein a boy with classic RTT in a family(More)
Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infections have been reported to cause neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as chorea, tics, and obsessive-compulsive disorder, presumably through autoimmune damage to basal ganglia. Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections have also been reported to cause damage to the basal ganglia. Restless legs syndrome is a movement disorder(More)
We examined how the substances, especially glucose, free fatty acids (FFA) and ketone bodies, and hormones associated with energy metabolism change with the disease progress in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Serum creatine kinase (CK) activity was used as an index of the stage of DMD, because this activity is exponentially decreases with the progress of(More)
The present study examined strain differences in the light-dark preference among four strains of rats. The test was done in the home-cage situation under 12L:12D cycles. Data from four strains were compared: BN/Kyo, BDIX/Nem, Wistar/Nu, and F344/NSlc. These strains differed in the light-dark preference measured by the ratio of the time spent in the field(More)