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BACKGROUND This study tested whether the simple ratio of ventricular end-systolic pressure to stroke volume, known as the effective arterial elastance (Ea), provides a valid measure of arterial load in humans with normal and aged hypertensive vasculatures. METHODS AND RESULTS Ventricular pressure-volume and invasive aortic pressure and flow were(More)
BACKGROUND The superior vena cava (SVC) has cardiac musculature extending from the right atrium. However, no previous study in humans has given details regarding the ectopic foci that initiate paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF), which may originate from the SVC. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 130 patients with frequent attacks of PAF initiated by(More)
BACKGROUND Successful ablation of ectopic beats originating from the pulmonary veins (PV) could eliminate paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). However, information about the structure of the PV in patients with PAF that is initiated by PV ectopic beats has not been reported. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the morphology of the PVs and measured their(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been shown to shorten the atrial effective refractory period (ERP) and make the atrium more vulnerable to AF. This study investigated the effect of atrial rate and antiarrhythmic drugs on ERP shortening induced by tachycardia. METHODS AND RESULTS Seventy adult patients without structural heart disease were included.(More)
BACKGROUND The prospective, randomized study comparing 4- with 8-mm tip electrodes for radiofrequency linear ablation of typical atrial flutter is not available. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 104 consecutive patients with typical atrial flutter were randomly assigned to undergo radiofrequency linear ablation using a 4- (Group I, n=54) or 8-mm tip(More)
To compare magnetoencephalography (MEG) with scalp electroencephalography (EEG) in the detection of interictal spikes in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), we simultaneously recorded MEG and scalp EEG with a whole-scalp neuromagnetometer in 46 TLE patients. We visually searched interictal spikes on MEG and EEG channels and classified them into three types(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary veins (PVs) are important sources of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Long-term rapid atrial pacing (RAP) changes atrial electrophysiology and facilitates the maintenance of atrial fibrillation. It is not clear whether RAP alters the arrhythmogenic activity of PVs. The purpose of this study was to isolate single PV cardiomyocytes from(More)
To make large-scale association studies a reality, automated high-throughput methods for genotyping with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are needed. We describe PCR conditions that permit the use of the TaqMan or 5' nuclease allelic discrimination assay for typing large numbers of individuals with any SNP and computational methods that allow(More)
Memory enhancement is a matter of concern in general, and in particular to people suffering from cognitive dysfunction. In this study, we investigated the effect of Nelumbo nucifera rhizome extract on learning and memory function. A step-through passive avoidance test was performed with Wistar rats. In addition, immunohistochemistry was used to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Lung inflammation precedes the development of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (HPH); however, its role in the pathogenesis of HPH is poorly understood. We sought to characterize the hypoxic inflammatory response and to elucidate its role in the development of HPH. We also aimed to investigate the mechanisms by which heme oxygenase-1, an(More)