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OBJECTIVE To determine the success rate of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for treating obstructive hydrocephalus. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY The Neurosurgery Department of PGMI, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, from May 2010 to November 2011. METHODOLOGY Patients with obstructive hydrocephalus(More)
Complex fuzzy sets and complex intuitionistic fuzzy sets cannot handle imprecise, indeterminate, inconsistent, and incomplete information of periodic nature. To overcome this difficulty, we introduce complex neutrosophic set. A complex neutrosophic set is a neutrosophic set whose complex-valued truth membership function, complex-valued indeterminacy(More)
Six new withanolides, withacoagulins A-F (1-6, resp.), together with ten known withanolides, 7-16, were isolated from the aerial parts of Withania coagulans. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic techniques including 1D- and 2D-NMR (1H, 13C, HMQC, and HMBC) and MS experiments. These compounds, including the crude extracts of this herb, exhibited(More)
Sixteen buffalo bulls (Bubalus bubalis) were divided into four age groups, four bulls in each. Bulls in three groups had good semen quality while in one group it was poor. The study was undertaken for a one-year period divided into five seasons. The study revealed an overall seminal plasma testosterone concentration of 0.97±0.12 ng/ml. It was higher(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the feasibility and efficacy of a novel, minimally invasive spinal surgery technique for the correction of lumbar spinal stenosis involving unilateral approach for bilateral decompression. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY Neurosurgery Department of PGMI, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar,(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the whole plant of Pistacia integerrima Stewart in order to examine the pharmacological basis of the use of the plant in folk medicine for the treatment of infectious diseases and disorder. Phytochemical and pharmacological studies led to the isolation of a new triterpene pistagremic acid(More)
In the title compound, C(30)H(46)O(3), an isolation product of Pistacia integerima Stewart, the five-membered ring is nearly in the envelope form. A 6-carb-oxy-hept-5-en-2-yl group is attached to the five-membered ring. An S(6) ring motif is formed due to intra-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bonding. In the crystal, inter-molecular O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds form(More)
Mumtaz Ali1, Mohammad Arfan2, Habib Ahmad3, Khair Zaman2, Farhatullah Khan4 and Ryszard Amarowicz5* Department of Chemistry, University of Malakand, Chakdara, Dir, Pakistan Institute of Chemical Sciences University of Peshawar, Peshawar-25120, Pakistan Department of Botany, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan Department of Biological Sciences,(More)
The bioassay-guided fractionation of H. oblongifolium has led to the isolation of potent urease inhibitors 1-3. The structures were elucidated by NMR and mass spectroscopic techniques. Compound 2 showed a potent enzyme inhibition activity (IC(50) 20.96 +/- 0.93), which is comparatively higher than that for the standard thiourea (IC(50) 21.01 +/- 0.51(More)