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The synthesis and anti-cancer activity evaluation of fused imidazoquinoline compounds is reported in this paper. Yb(OTf)3 has been utilized as a catalyst for the synthesis of 1,4-diaryl substituted imidazo[4,5-c]quinolines via a modified Pictet-Spengler approach. The desired imidazole ring was synthesized from imines using TosMIC (toluenesulfonylmethyl(More)
Brassinin is a plant defense metabolite with antimicrobial activity produced de novo by a variety of Brassica species in response to stress, that is, a phytoalexin. The inhibition of brassinin oxidase (BO), a brassinin-detoxifying enzyme produced by the phytopathogenic fungus Leptosphaeria maculans, is a target in our continuing search for novel crop(More)
Blackleg fungi [Leptosphaeria maculans (asexual stage Phoma lingam) and Leptosphaeria biglobosa] are devastating plant pathogens with well-established stratagems to invade crucifers, including the production of enzymes that detoxify plant defenses such as phytoalexins. The significant roles of brassinin, both as a potent crucifer phytoalexin and a(More)
Brassinin is a phytoalexin produced by plants from the family Brassicaceae that displays antifungal activity against a number of pathogens of Brassica species, including Leptosphaeria maculans (Desm.) Ces. et de Not. [asexual stage Phoma lingam (Tode ex Fr.) Desm.] and L. biglobosa. The interaction of a group of isolates of L. maculans virulent on brown(More)
Efficient syntheses of the phytoalexins brassilexin, sinalexin, and analogues are demonstrated through the application of the Vilsmeier formylation to indoline-2-thiones followed by a new aqueous ammonia workup procedure. Similarly, a very concise two-pot synthesis of the phytoalexins wasalexins using sequential formylation-amination of indolin-2-ones is(More)
A convenient approach to 3-pyridinols and 5-pyrimidinols via a two-step Cu-catalyzed benzyloxylation/catalytic hydrogenation sequence is presented. The corresponding 3-pyridinamines and 5-pyrimidinamines can be prepared in an analogous sequence utilizing benzylamine in lieu of benzyl alcohol. The radical-scavenging ability of these derivatives are(More)
The impact of the phytoalexins camalexin and spirobrassinin on brassinin detoxification by Leptosphaeria maculans (Desm.) Ces. et de Not. [asexual stage Phoma lingam (Tode ex Fr.) Desm.], a pathogenic fungus prevalent on crucifers, was investigated. Brassinin is a plant metabolite of great significance due to its dual role both as an effective phytoalexin(More)
Brassinin (1), a crucial plant defense produced by crucifers, is detoxified by the phytopathogenic fungus Leptosphaeria maculans (Phoma lingam) to indole-3-carboxaldehyde using a putative brassinin oxidase. Potential inhibitors of brassinin detoxification were designed by replacement of its dithiocarbamate group (toxophore) with carbamate, dithiocarbonate,(More)
A simple and efficient method for the synthesis of biologically relevant 5H-benzo[4,5][1,3]thiazino[3,2-a]indoles and 5,7-dihydroisothiochromeno[3,4-b]indoles has been developed via intramolecular copper catalysed Ullmann-type C-N coupling and palladium catalysed direct arylation from the corresponding precursors 2-(2-bromobenzylthio)-1H-indole and(More)
An efficient methodology for the synthesis of indole-fused dihydrothiopyrans has been developed from indoline-2-thiones. The protocol involves the synthesis of conjugated ene-yne-substituted indole-sulfides, a gold(III)-catalyzed rearrangement of the ene-yne side chain followed by intramolecular hydroarylation via C3-H functionalization of the indole core.(More)