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To explore environmental risk factors for Parkinson's disease (PD) in Taiwan, we investigated 120 patients with PD and 240 hospital control subjects matched with patients on age (+/-2 years) and sex. Based on a structured open-ended questionnaire, we carried out standardized interviews to obtain history of exposure to environmental factors, including place(More)
The effects of memantine (50-175 microM) on the post-tetanic potentiation of the twitch tension were studied on the isolated mouse nerve diaphragm preparation. Memantine completely abolished the twitch tension elicited indirectly while it had no effect on the directly elicited twitch tension. Memantine also decreased the post-tetanic potentiation of(More)
The effects of circulating anticardiolipin (ACL) antisera in lupus patients on the LP5 central neuron of snail were studied. Both GABA and glutamate increased a chloride conductance of the LP5 neuron. The ACL antisera decreased the GABA-elicited responses in a concentration dependent manner while it had no effect on glutamate-elicited responses. The ACL(More)
Effects of paraquat on the substantia nigra of the male Wistar rats we re studied pharmacologically by a intracerebral injection of paraquat. The neurochemical, morphological, and behavioral changes observed after a unilateral intranigral injection of paraquat (1-5 microgram) were as follows: (1) neurochemically, paraquat caused dose-dependent depletion of(More)
The Reissner's membrane (RM) separates in the mammalian cochlea the K(+)-rich endolymph from the Na(+)-rich perilymph. The patch-clamp technique was used to investigate the transport mechanisms in epithelial cells of RM freshly dissected from the guinea pig cochlea. This study shows a stretch-activated nonselective cationic channel (SA channel) with a(More)
The role of polyhydroxylated C60 (fullerenol), a novel free-radical trapper, in prevention of hydrogen peroxide- and cumene hydroperoxide-elicited damage was studied in hippocampal slices from the rat in-vitro. The interactions of polyhydroxylated C60, adenosine and 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (DNQX) were also compared. Hydrogen peroxide (0.006-0.02%)(More)
1. The bursting firing of action potentials and cytosolic calcium content in d-amphetamine-treated RP4 neurons of the African snail, Achatina fulica Ferussac, were studied elelctrophysiologically and optopharmacologically. 2. d-Amphetamine elicited bursting of firing of action potentials in central RP4 neuron. The bursting firing of action potentials was(More)
The effects of phencyclidine (PCP) were studied on the electrogenic and chemosensitive properties of the neuromuscular junction of skeletal muscle as well as on the binding sites on the acetylcholine (AcCho) receptor and its ionic channel in the electric organ membranes of the electric ray. The directly elicited muscle twitch was markedly potentiated by(More)