Muhammad Zain-ul-Abidin

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In Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) nodes are equipped with limited battery power and battery replacement is expensive due to underwater harsh environment. Therefore, we propose EBECRP an energy Efficient and Balanced Energy consumption Cluster based Routing Protocol for UWSNs. In depth base routing protocols nodes near the sink (low depth nodes)(More)
In Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs), reliability is an important factor which effects the overall performance of the network. As the underwater environment is noisy and due to multipath fading and poor link quality, the reliability of the network and data integrity is affected. With cooperative routing, the reliability and the integrity of the(More)
In this paper, we have proposed a two-tiered wireless sensor network (WSN) in which sensor nodes transmit data packets to their connected relay nodes (cluster heads). Each sensor node is associated with at least one relay node in the network. The proposed strategy determines the best set of relay nodes for upper-tier communication. These relay nodes are(More)
From few past years, researchers are attracted towards the unexplored region of earth due to is extreme usefulness and that region is water. As we know 70 % of earth surface is water and only 30 % is land that is already explored well. Due to the presence of useful resources in acoustic environment, researchers felt the need to explore the unexplored world(More)
Application-oriented underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) are planned to design in such a way that they can monitor and transfer information efficiently. Therefore, quality data routing schemes are required to achieve certain goals. Many routing protocols are designed for application oriented networks. These types of networks require deployment(More)
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