Muhammad Umar Farooq

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History-based branch direction predictors for conditional branches are shown to be highly accurate. Indirect branches however, are hard to predict as they may have multiple targets corresponding to a single indirect branch instruction. We propose the Value Based BTB Indexing (VBBI), a correlation-based target address prediction scheme for indirect jump(More)
The term vasospasm is commonly used to describe constriction of cerebral blood vessels after subarachnoid hemorrhage which results in the restriction of blood flow and ischemia in affected portions of the brain. The pathophysiological changes that underlie vascular constriction after subarachnoid hemorrhage include changes within the vessel walls(More)
BACKGROUND Endometrial adenocarcinoma is one of the most common gynecological tumors in postmenopausal women. The distant metastasis mostly involves liver, lung and bone. Scalp metastases from endometrial adenocarcinoma are very rare. CASE REPORT A 63-year-old female with history of irregular vaginal bleeding presented with progressive headaches and a(More)
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) is a diagnostic tool that can be used at bedside to assess the cerebral vasculature noninvasively. It is inexpensive, safe, and reliable when compared with other techniques. It can be repeated multiple times and can be used for continuous monitoring if needed. Screening of children with sickle cell disease to assess and prevent(More)
Concurrent abuse of alcohol and cocaine results in the formation of cocaethylene, a powerful cocaine metabolite. Cocaethylene potentiates the direct cardiotoxic and indirect neurotoxic effects of cocaine or alcohol alone. A 44-year-old female with history of cocaine and alcohol abuse presented with massive stroke in the emergency department. CT scan(More)
BACKGROUND Intracranial intra-arterial calcifications (ICAC) are a common finding on head CT examinations, but their significance is not known. The aim of this study is to determine if a relationship exists between ICAC on head CT and the presence of a high-grade atherosclerotic stenosis on cerebral angiography. METHODS This was a retrospective study of(More)
Peripheral neuropathy has a variety of systemic, metabolic, and toxic causes. The most common treatable causes include diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, and nutritional deficiencies. The diagnosis requires careful clinical assessment, judicious laboratory testing, and electrodiagnostic studies or nerve biopsy if the diagnosis remains unclear. A systematic(More)
BACKGROUND In-hospital stroke (IHS) represents 5-15% of all hospitalized acute stroke cases, and is associated with poor outcomes. IHS represents an important area for prevention since many cases occur in high-risk patients undergoing cardiovascular procedures. Our objectives were to compare the quality of care, treatments, and outcomes of IHS with(More)
A 76-year-old man had worsening generalized weakness and headache for several months. MRI showed a solid enhancing sellar mass suggestive of a pituitary macroadenoma (figure 1). Differential diagnoses included pituicytoma, paraganglioma, meningioma, and solitary fibrous tumor. Due to intraoperative bleeding, this tumor was only partially resected.(More)
The Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis in young adults and the elderly and an important cause of admission to intensive care units. Manifestations of the GBS vary from monoparesis to life-threatening paralysis of the respiratory muscles. The latter is often punctuated by the presence of cardiac involvement.(More)