Muhammad Umar Farooq

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INTRODUCTION Status epilepticus (SE) is a medical emergency requiring prompt treatment to try to limit mortality and improve outcome. So far, newer antiepileptic drugs (AED) have not assumed a noticeable role in the treatment of SE. This may be in part due to the lack of IV forms for the newer AEDs. The IV form of Levetiracetam (IV-LEV) has recently become(More)
Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy (RPLE) is a unique clinicoradiological entity characterized by diverse neurological symptoms with bilateral posterior cerebral white matter edema. It is frequently associated with seizures but rarely with status epilepticus. Periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (PLEDs) as an initial electrographic pattern in(More)
Carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) has been shown to exhibit neuroprotection in rodent models of cerebral ischemia. In the present study, we further characterized the effects of carnosine treatment in a mouse model of permanent focal cerebral ischemia and compared them with its related peptides anserine and N-acetylated carnosine. We also evaluated the(More)
The term vasospasm is commonly used to describe constriction of cerebral blood vessels after subarachnoid hemorrhage which results in the restriction of blood flow and ischemia in affected portions of the brain. The pathophysiological changes that underlie vascular constriction after subarachnoid hemorrhage include changes within the vessel walls(More)
History-based branch direction predictors for conditional branches are shown to be highly accurate. Indirect branches however, are hard to predict as they may have multiple targets corresponding to a single indirect branch instruction. We propose the Value Based BTB Indexing (VBBI), a correlation-based target address prediction scheme for indirect jump(More)
Data-dependent branches constitute single biggest source of remaining branch mispredictions. Typically, data-dependent branches are associated with program data structures, and follow store-load-branch execution sequence. A set of memory locations is written at an earlier point in a program. Later, these locations are read, and used for evaluating branch(More)
Sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor commonly used for erectile dysfunction, may also have a beneficial therapeutic effect in the treatment of stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, dementia, learning, and neurodegenerative disorders by enhancing angiogenesis and neurogenesis. It also favorably influences the nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine monophosphate(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal-dominant painless peripheral neuropathy characterized by episodes of repeated focal pressure neuropathies at sites of entrapment/compression, with a considerable variability in the clinical course. Electrodiagnostic and genetic testing are important in the diagnostic(More)
Peripheral neuropathy has a variety of systemic, metabolic, and toxic causes. The most common treatable causes include diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, and nutritional deficiencies. The diagnosis requires careful clinical assessment, judicious laboratory testing, and electrodiagnostic studies or nerve biopsy if the diagnosis remains unclear. A systematic(More)